‘The sea, everywhere the sea, and no one looking at it’, Dany Laferrière, Heading South, Douglas & McIntyre, 2009, quoted Kafou catalogue, Nottingham Contemporary, 2012, 82


6 ‘The wind howled’, 15 February 2014.
6 ‘In Caribbean hurricanes’, see Stuart B. Schwartz, Sea of Storms: A History of Hurricanes in the Greater Caribbean from Columbus to Katrina, Princeton University Press, 2015, 14.
7 ‘Views of Netley Abbey’, William Westall, Engelmann, 1828, Hartley Library Special Collections, University of Southampton.
12 ‘drowndead’, Charles Dickens, The Personal History of David Copperfield The Younger, Hazell, Watson & Viney, Chapter III, 35. As a young man living in London, David Copperfield takes regular early morning plunges – ‘I tumbled head foremost into it’ – in Roman Baths on Strand Lane (in fact, a seventeenth-century cistern built as part of Somerset House), (ibid, 410, 402). Dickens worked on the novel when he was staying in the Isle of Wight, in a room overlooking the sea at Bonchurch.
12 ‘People can’t die’, ‘And, it being low water, he went out with the tide’, ibid, Chapter XXX, 360; quoted by Nick Groom, The Seasons: A Celebration of the English Year, Atlantic, 2013, 60. In Henry V (Act II, Sc III, l13), Falstaff dies at the turning of the tide – see Jeremy Tambling, notes to David Copperfield, Penguin, 2004, 962. See also note to p.218, below. Speranza Wilde, mother of Oscar, recorded an Irish custom that feverish patients should be left on the shore as the tide came in; when it went out, it would take the fever with it; see Sophia Kingshill and Jennifer Westwood, The Fabled Coast: Legends and Traditions from the shores of Britain and Ireland, Random House, 2012, 202.
12 ‘Siberian shamans’, see Bernd Brunner, Moon: A Brief History, Yale University Press, 2010, 7.
12 ‘the lunar effect’, ibid, 164-8. See also John Roach, ‘Can the Moon Cause Earthquakes?’, National Geographic News, 23 May 2005: ‘The same force that raises the “tides” in the ocean also raises tides in the [Earth’s] crust’. Recent reports also indicate that climate change and increased storms may trigger earthquakes by ‘lubricating’ tectonic plates. ‘How climate change triggers earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanoes’, The Observer, 16 October 2016.
13 ‘The sea has many voices’, T.S. Eliot, ‘The Dry Salvages’, lines 24-25, Four Quartets, Faber, 1968, 36.
13 ‘We cannot think’, ibid, line 69, p.38.
13 ‘In civilisations without boats’, Michel Foucault, ‘Of Other Spaces: Utopias and Heterotopias’ / ‘Des Espace Autres’, March 1967, translated by Jay Miskowiec, Architecture/Movement/Continuité, October 1984, web.mit.edu, accessed 22 August 2016; also Diatrics 16, 1986, 27, quoted Elspeth Probyn, Eating the Ocean, University of Washington Press, 2016, 40.
13 ‘a tradition in maritime communities’, see Imogen Crawford-Mowday, ‘Caul: A Sailor’s Charm’, England: The Other Within, Pitt-Rivers Museum website; also Sophia Kingshill and Jennifer Westwood, The Fabled Coast, op cit, 401-402; and Jeremy Tambling, notes to David Copperfield, op cit, 943.
13 ‘born behind the veil’, see Ruth A. Casie, ‘Born Behind the Veil’, ‘Here be magic’ blog, 12 January 2013.
13 ‘the times of dreamy quietude’, Herman Melville, ‘The Glider’, Moby-Dick, Arion Press/University of California Press, 1983, 498.
14 ‘An astrophysicist’, Stuart Clarke in conversation with the author, Guadalajara International Book Fair, 5 December 2015; also David Grinspoon, ‘Hunting for Alien Worlds: The Science of Exoplanet Habitability’, Astrobiology magazine, 9 April 2013, www.space.com; ‘Small Saturn moon has most conditions needed to sustain life, Nasa says’, The Guardian 14 April 2017.
14 ‘National Oceanography Centre in Southampton’, site visits with Damon Teagle and Millie Watts, 15 July 2016 & 21 February 2017.
15 ‘fraughting souls’, The Tempest, I.2, 13.
15 ‘wide-chopped rascal’, ibid, I.1, 55.
15 ‘He that’s born’, see Anne Righter, commentary, The Tempest, New Penguin Shakespeare, 1968, 141.
15 ‘What cares these roarers’ The Tempest, I.1, 16-17.
15 ‘Hell is empty’, ibid, I.2, 213-215.
15 ‘Demonologie’, for the North Berwick witch trials and Agnes Sampson, supposed Scottish witch, see University of Glasgow Special Collections website, Niki Pollock, August 2000, ‘Newes from Scotland’, Sp Coll Ferguson Al-a.36, special.lib.gla.ac.uk; also Wikipedia entry, ‘North Berwick Witch Trials’.
16 ‘unwholesome fen’, The Tempest, I.2, 322.
16 ‘’a savage and deformed slave’, The Tempest, dramatis personae
16 ‘Legged like a man!’ II, 2, 33.
16 ‘evolutionary sea’. In 1878, Daniel Wilson published Caliban: The Missing Link, ‘which identified him as Darwin’s “missing link” and tied his (presumed) amphibious nature to the increasingly accepted view that human life had evolved from some sort of aquatic animal’, Virginia Mason Vaughan and Alden T. Vaughan, Introduction, The Tempest, The Arden Shakespeare/Bloomsbury, 1999, 91.
16 ‘Fair Youth’ – see Stewart Trotter, ‘Shakespeare in Titchfield’, blog, 1 September 2011, www.theshakespearecode.wordpresscom.
17 ‘deliberately enigmatic’, Righter, commentary, The Tempest, op cit, 12-13.
17 ‘an apparition of a little round light’, William Strachey, A True Reportory…, 1610, Rutgers University, accessed 22 August 2016, www.fas-history.rutgers.edu
17 ‘an American play’, see Righter, commentary, The Tempest, op cit, 24
18 ‘We have seen many notable things’, quoted Lincoln Paine, The Sea and Civilisation: A Maritime History of the World, Knopf, 2013, 391-2.
18 ‘he refers to it’, ‘Ocean’ appears 35 times in Shakespeare’s collected works; ‘sea’ appears 207 times (‘Shakespeare Concordance’, www.opensourcesshakespeare.org); see also Daniel Brayton, Shakespeare’s Ocean: An Ecocritical Exploration, University of Virginia Press, 2012.
18 ‘never-surfeited sea’, The Tempest, III. 3, l.56
18 ‘full fathom five’, ibid, I. 2, l.397-403; see also Righter commentary, op cit, 150.
19 ‘could not only call up the spirits of the deep’, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, quoted Arden Shakespeare, op cit, 87-88.
19 ‘The murmuring of summer seas’, ibid, 88.
19 ‘sea-shouldering whales’, quoted Charles and Mary Cowden Clake, Recollections of Writers, Scribners, 1878, 126; also see Colin Silver, ‘Romantic Readings: “On the Sea” by John Keats, 16 April 2016, Wordsworth.org.uk.
19 ‘habit has made me a Leviathan’, Keats to J. H. Reynolds, 18 April 1817, edited Sidney Colvin, Letters of John Keats, Macmillan, 1915, 9.
19 ‘la Whale’s back’, Keats to Leigh Hunt, 10 May 1817, Letters of John Keats, op cit, 11.
19 ‘the Southampton sea’, The letters of Horace Walpole, Vol III, Richard Bentley, 1840, 150.
19 ‘The Southampton water’, John Keats to George and Thomas Keats, 15 April 1817, Letters of John Keats, op cit, 4.
19 ‘There’s my comfort’, ibid, 4.
20 ‘Turner’, see ‘Joseph Mallord William Turner – Snow Storm – Steam-boat off a Harbour’s Mouth’, www.tate.org.uk, accessed 24 August 2016. It was thought that Turner made up the name of the ship, but new evidence appears to confirm at least this part of his story; see Sam Smiles, ‘Ariel Steamship’, www.shipsnostalgia.com, which notes that there was a wooden GPO paddle ship called Ariel operating during the period when Turner painted his picture (1842). See also The Times 28 October 1841, front page advertising for sale ‘that fast and elegant PACKET, the ARIEL’, and subsequent references to the ship sailing between Woolwich and Ostende (e.g. The Times, 21 June 1842, p.6), captained by (later Sir) Luke Smithett, knighted for his services to the Royal Family.
20 ‘tender as young sparrows’, Herman Melville to Evert Duyckinck, Boston, 24 February 1894, quoted Jay Leyda, The Melville Log, Gordian Press, 1969, 288-289: ‘Dolt & ass that I am I have lived more than 29 years, & until a few days ago, never made close acquaintance with the divine William… If another Messiah ever comes twill be in Shakespeare’s person’.
20 ‘quiet words’, Herman Melville, marginalia, see Leyda, ibid 289.
20 ‘O! wonder!’, The Tempest, I.2, 397-403; see Leyda, op cit, 289.
20 ‘St Elmo’s fire’, see ‘The Candles’, Moby-Dick, op cit, 510. Melville saw the same ‘corpusants’ as ‘large, dim stars in the sky’ on his sea crossing to England, 12 October 1849, Leyda, op cit, 320.
21 ‘where the eddying depths’, quoted ‘The Sermon’, Moby-Dick, op cit, 49-50
21 ‘muddied in that’, The Tempest, V.1.150
21 ‘Those are pearls that were his eyes’, T. S. Eliot, The Waste Land, line 48.
21 ‘Fear death by water’, ibid, 55
21 ‘a fortnight dead’, ibid, 312
22 ‘a chronology of three hundred and fifty years of the play’s existence’, Derek Jarman, quoted Jim Ellis ‘Conjuring “The Tempest”: Derek Jarman and the Spectacle of Redemption’, GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, 2001, 7 (2): 265-284.
22 ‘dancing sailors’, see Tony Peake, Derek Jarman, University of Minnesota Press, 2011, 266. Jarman was inspired by Cocteau taking twenty-one sailors to Francis Rose’s twenty-first birthday part. Caliban was played by Jack Birkett, blind actor who went by the name of the Great Orlando and was part of Lindsay Kemp’s troupe. Thanks to Robert Lacey for drawing my attention to this. Jarman had originally planned that Brian Eno would write the soundtrack and David Bowie would sing Ariel’s songs in his film (see Peake, ibid, 271).


30 ‘Welcome to Provincetown’, pilot to Philip Hoare, 5 January 2016.
31 ‘Cormorants’, ink drawing, Pat de Groot, 3 November 1982.
31 ‘to cool their bodies’, see Paul R. Ehrlich, David S. Dobkin, Darryl Wheye, ‘Spread wing poses’, Stanford University, 2008, www.web.stanford.edu.
31 ‘the haunts of sea-fowl’, Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre, Pan Classics, 1975, 24.
32 ‘an uncongenial alien’, ibid, 32.
32 ‘large and dark’, ibid, 145; see also Elizabeth Winpenny Lawson ‘Jane Eyre’s Cormorant’, blogspot, www.elizabethwinpennylawson.com, accessed 17 August 2016.
32 ‘James I kept an aviary’, see Mark Cocker, Richard Mabey, ‘Cormorant’, Birds Britannica, Chatto & Windus, 2005, 37.
32 ‘possessed of energies’, Thomas Bewick, The History of British Birds, Newcastle & London, 1804, Vol II, 387.
33 ‘black death’, Cocker, op cit, 37.
33 ‘a cormorantry off Labrador’, see E.H. Forbush, Birds of Massachusetts and other New England states, Boston, Mass, Dept of Agriculture, 3 vols, 1925-1929, 162, quoting Dr Charles W. Townsend’s ‘In Audubon’s Labrador’, 113.
33 ‘a man who acted as a defence attorney’ – see E. B. White ‘Mr. Forbush’s Friends’, The New Yorker, 26 February 1966.
33 ‘One autumn morning’, the aftermath of Tropical Storm Lee, 9 November 2011.
34 ‘It’ll just keep’, Dennis Minsky to Philip Hoare, 8 May 2014.
35 ‘Cormorant’, ink drawing, Pat de Groot, 1983.
35 ‘Everyone I meet’, Pat de Groot to Philip Hoare, May 2014.
36 ‘MILL 50 MILL’, Western Red Cedar, noted 20 April 2015.
37 ‘The front hits us’, 20 April 2015.
37 ‘The truth is’, Henry David Thoreau, Cape Cod, Penguin Nature Classics, 1987, 29
38 ‘Gavin Maxwell thought’, quoted Cocker/Mabey, ‘Common Eider’, Birds Britannica, op cit, 100.
38 ‘target practice’, Chris Watson to Philip Hoare, Brixham, 29 Feb 2016.
39 ‘robbing the nests’, Henry David Thoreau, Walden, Princetown University Press, 1989, 13.
39 ‘as lonely as Edward Hopper’s paintings’, see Olivia Laing, The Lonely City, Canongate, 2016.
39 ‘Not for nothing did Marconi’ – this story seems to have evolved from Marconi’s experiments in the Atlantic in 1922. He sailed from Southampton on 27 May that year, on his ‘electron ship’/laboratory, Elettra, (which he had bought in Southampton in 1919, for £21,000, and which was also called the ‘White Ship of Miracles’; Marconi would name his daughter after the yacht), experiencing bad weather with stops in the Azores and Bermuda. The ship arrived ten days late in New York, where reporters asked if he had picked up alien signals from Mars, as the New York Times had speculated before his departure. Marconi denied this, but did say he had received a radio wave months earlier in the Mediterranean which ‘certainly did not originate on the earth’. ‘Marconi Still at Sea on Mysterious Sounds; Says Queer Indications on Wireless Occurred in London and New York Simultaneously’, the newspaper had headlined on 27 January 1920. ‘Interruptions of the Marconi wireless instruments by undecipherable signals, which were noted before the war and have been publicly referred to since, are discussed by Marconi in an interview published in The Daily Mail today’. Marconi’s interest in spiritualism began some years before; followed later by his avid membership of Mussolini’s fascist party. (New York Times, 27 January 1920; see also Marc Robey, Marconi: The Man Who Networked the World, Oxford University Press, 2016; also www.radiomarconi.com).
40 ‘Maps from the eighteen-thirties’, Provincetown Library local studies collection.
42 ‘He made us promise’, Elspeth Vevers to Philip Hoare, 19 January 2016.
42 ‘not acknowledging’, ‘Knights and Squires’, Moby-Dick, op cit, 123.
42 ‘a close intimation’, Norman Mailer, review of Blue Nights by George Hirose, Provincetown Arts magazine, 2007, 69.
43 ‘brave houses and flowery gardens”, ‘The Street’, Moby-Dick, op cit, 34.
44 ‘Analyse your stupidity’, Pat de Groot to Philip Hoare, 15 January 2015.
44 ‘I don’t think’ Pat de Groot to Philip Hoare, 9 April 2015.
45 ‘I waited half my life”, Pat de Groot to Philip Hoare, 30 April 2015.
45 ‘Moon’, Pat de Groot, 8 ¾ x 6, given to Philip Hoare, 22 May 2008.
46 ‘Bare feet are older ‘, Thoreau, Walden, op cit, 23.
46 ‘Ernald Wilbraham Arthur Richardson’, see Archives Network Wales – Richardson Estate Papers, ww.anws.llgc.org.uk, also www.newspapers.library.wales.
44 ‘I will not go’, see www.straushistoricalsociety.org; also ‘Isidor Straus’, Wikipedia entry and www.encyclopedia-titanica.org, www.titanic-titanic.com.
47 ‘a flock of sea gulls’, see Jay Henry Mowbray, The Sinking of the Titanic, Chapter XXI, ‘The funeral ship and its dead’, www.gaslight.mtroyal.ca
48 ‘warned to return’, see The Times, 8 June 1940. S.S. Washington’s ‘special sailing’ for American citizens from Galway was advertised in The Times for 5 July 1940.
49 ‘Pat came to believe’, Pat de Groot to Philip Hoare, 18 January 2017.
49 ‘I was a refugee’, Pat de Groot to Philip Hoare, 13 January 2017.
49 ‘She knew I loved cats’, Pat de Groot to Philip Hoare, 23 April 2016.
49 ‘Queen’s Regiment’, see The Journal of the Queen’s Regiment, Vol 1, No.11, November 1967, p.46, death notice.
49 ‘to help Jewish refugees’, see ‘George Backer, Published Post’, Obituary, New York Times, 2 May 1974. See also Marilyn Nissenson, The Lady Upstairs: Dorothy Schiff and the New York Post, St Martin’s Press, 2013, 45.
50 ‘It is horrible’, interview with George Backer, Oral History Division, Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 20 October 1966, quoted Michael Robert Marrus, Walter de Gruyter, editors, The Nazi Holocaust: Part 8: Bystanders to the Holocaust, Meckler, 1989, Volume 1, 325. During the war Backer was part of the American-British intelligence department of Psychological Warfare, along with William Paley, head of CBS, and Richard Crossman, the British politician. In the mid-1960s Evie Backer became chair of the International Rescue Committee, founded by Albert Einstein in the 1930s. Pat had a signed copy of a book by Einstein in her library.
50 ‘a small, fast-moving woman’ ‘Mrs Backer Dies’, Obituary, New York Times, 27 July 1971.
50 ‘painting the drawing room blood-red’, see ‘Capote’s Home – Silk, Jaguar and Wicker’, Montreal Gazette, 8 March 1966; also ‘Animals in Brass, Bronze, Live With Truman Capote’, The Corpus Christi Times, undated clipping, but c. March 1966.
50 ‘Tiny Malice’, Deborah Davis, The Party of the Century, Wiley Press, 2006, 113.
50 ‘She and Capote were snapped’, see ibid, plate section.
51 ‘miles of smilax’, ibid, 157. ‘The people are the flowers’, Evie said; see ‘Party’s a Social “Happening”‘, St Petersburg Times, The Washington Post, 28 November 1966.
51 ‘Pat worked in the bookshop’, Pat de Groot to Philip Hoare, 19 & 24 January 2016, inter alia.
51 ‘His father had hunted whales’, Stormy Mayo to Philip Hoare, 24 January 2016. ‘An ancestor named John Atkins once toppled from a whaleboat into a whale’s mouth’, Roy Terrell, ‘In Search of Giants’, Sports Illustrated, 3 December 1962. The same article notes that Stormy, then at college, would probably become a marine biologist, and was already supplying scientists at Woods Hole, ‘with the eyes of big fish, particularly tuna, for a cornea-transplant program’.
52 ‘I was outside all the time’, ‘A Conversation with Pat de Groot’, Chris Busa, Provincetown Arts magazine, 1987.
52 ‘I was not very hip’, ibid.
52 ‘pretty funky’, Pat de Groot to Philip Hoare, 23 April 2016.
53 ‘He was a good teacher’, ‘Beer with a Painter: Pat de Groot’, interviewed by Jennifer Samet, Hypoallergic, 7 September 2013.
53 ‘Thom Gunn’s’, Thom Gunn, Moly and My Sad Captains, Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1973.

53 ‘Exactly what’, Pat de Groot to Philip Hoare, 22 June 2012.
54 ‘When I woke up’, Pat de Groot, Chris Busa interview, op cit
54 ‘We spent that week’, ibid.
54 ‘a visual onslaught’ Pat de Groot, film interview with Marika Herskovic, ‘Nanno de Groot, Abstract Expressionism – New York School 1950s, uploaded to You Tube 31 August 2010.
54 ‘In moments of clarity’, Marika Herskovic, American abstract expressionism of the 1950s: an illustrated survey, New York School Press, 2003, 86; see Nanno de Groot Wikipedia entry.
55 ‘he felt he might’, Herskovic film, op cit.
55 ‘Tuna’, ‘Pat de Groot and Mayo pose happily with the 516-pound tuna she caught from his boat to win the Governor’s Trophy for women last year’, Sports Illustrated, op cit.
56 ‘It wasn’t conceptual’, Pat de Groot to Philip Hoare, 13 January 2016.
56 ‘It was’, Herskovic film, op cit.
56 ‘It took the bulkhead’, Provincetown Arts Summer 1987, op cit.
57 ‘Orca’, photograph, September 1982.
58 ‘I spent some time at the seaside’, Samuel Beckett, Molloy, Grove Press New York, 1955, 92.
58 ‘I took advantage’, Samuel Beckett, extract from Molloy published in Paris Review, 22 March 1954.
58 ‘For ten pages”, Provincetown Arts Summer 1987, op cit.
59 ‘I feel very cut off’, ‘Tough Lady’ interview, op cit, 31.
59 ‘Mrs de Groot’, Provincetown cab driver to Philip Hoare, 20 January 2017.
59 ‘the mildness’, Armand Marie Leroi, The Lagoon: How Aristotle Invented Science, Bloomsbury, 2014, 114.
59 ‘It is not known’, Aristole, Historia Animalium, quoted, Melissa Hogenboom, ‘Do dying whales go to graveyards’, BBC Earth website.
60 ‘One morning’, 10 April 2013.
60 ‘will strand themselves’, quoted ibid.
60 ‘the kingly dolphin’, Oppian, Halieutica or Fishing, Leob Classical Library, 1928, 269, penelope.uchicago.edu.
60 ‘Dennis called me’, 8 May 2014.
61 ‘proprioception,’ see Susan Casey, Voices in the Ocean: A Journey into the Wild and Haunting World of Dolphins, One World, 2014, 149.
62 ‘the town’s Sea View’, conversation with Captain Ricky, Dolphin VIII, 28 April 2016.
63 ‘After a long bitter winter’, 8 May 2014.
64 ‘Dump the wedding’, Jessica Straus to Philip Hoare, 18 April 2015.
64 ‘I thought it was going’ Todd Motta to Philip Hoare, 27 April 2015
65 ‘I’ve never seen’, Dennis Minsky to Philip Hoare, 26 May 2014.
65 ‘Mn 1/2’ – Megaptera novaeangliae, one of two animals.
66 ‘Cut off the engines’, Mark Dalomba to Philip Hoare, 27 May 2014.
68 ‘The most strange’, ‘In a fog he is set to work as a bell-toller, and beholds a herd of ocean-elephants’, Herman Melville, Redburn, Penguin Classics, 1986, 153


73 ‘Dennis records’, 1 January 2015.
74 ‘Funktionslust’, see Chris Herzfeld, translated by Oliver Y. Martin and Robert D. Martin, Wattana: An Orangutan in Paris, University of Chicago Press, 2016, 98
74 ‘Wittengenstein and his lion’, Ludwig Wittgenstein, translated by G.M. Anscombe, The Philosophical Investigations, Blackwell, 2008, Part Two, 190.
74 ‘Debbie, Dennis’s wife’, Deborah Minsky to Philip Hoare, 10 January 2015.
74 ‘I am secretly afraid’, Edith Wharton, ‘Quaderno dello Studente’ diary, 1924, Beinecke Library, Yale University, quoted Archives of American Art Journal, 48:3-4
75 ‘the agonised sunlight’, J.A. Baker, The Peregrine, quoted Robert Macfarlane, Landmarks, Hamish Hamilton, 2015, 158
75 ‘Myxomatosis’, Philip Larkin, Collected Poems, 2003, 61
75 ‘My sister remembers’, Christina Moore, email to Philip Hoare, 25 January 2017
75 ‘On the Dignity of Man’, quoted Anne Righter, The Tempest commentary, op cit, 43.
75 ‘Animals fill the gap’, Monique Roffey, Archipelago, Simon & Schuster, 2012, 324.
75 ‘Animals came from’, John Berger, Why Look at Animals? Penguin Great Ideas, 2009, 11.
75 ‘are not brethren,’ Henry Beston, The Outermost House, Henry Holt, 1988, 25.
76 ‘a sort of chaos’, Henry David Thoreau, Cape Cod, Penguin Nature Classics, 1987, 81.
77 ‘Billingsgate Island,’ see Sebastian Junger, The Perfect Storm, 44.
77 ‘one winter morning’, 19 March 2009; see Philip Hoare ‘The Transparency of Shadows’, Peter Doig: New Paintings, Gavin Brown’s Enterprise/Michael Werner New York, 2009.
79 ‘once I was horrified’, 26 September 2009.
80 ‘The annals of this voracious beach!’, Thoreau, Cape Cod, op cit, 189.
80 ‘On the beach of a northern sea’, Percy Bysshe Shelley, ‘Lines Written among Euganean Hills, October 1818’, A Choice of Shelley’s Verse, edited by Stephen Spender, Faber 1972, 37.
80 ‘The man had’, Thoreau, Cape Cod, op cit, 189-190.
81 ‘Thoreau’, portrait photograph by Benjamin D. Maxham.
81 ‘ghosts in the vicinity’, Edward Rowe Snowe, Yankee Publishing, A Pilgrim Returns to Cape Cod, 1946, 47.
82 ‘strewn with anchors’, Thoreau, Cape Cod, op cit, 189.
82 ‘Ship ashore!’ see Theodore Parker Burbank, Cape Cod Shipwrecks: Graveyard of the Atlantic, Parker Nelson, 2013, 1.
82 ‘sailors did not learn to swim’, Mary Martin told me of traditions from her native Nova Scotia of fishermen not learning to swim for these reasons; Mary Martin to Philip Hoare, 19 April 2011.
82 ‘What the sea wants’, see www.dtmag.com/thelibrary/seafaring-superstitions-marine-myth-rituals-explored; also: ‘the spirits of the waves and the sea gods must have their prey’, The Fabled Coast, op cit, 269.
83 ‘one of the most haunted places’, 30 September 2009.
83 ‘Humane-houses’, Thoreau, Cape Cod, op cit, 73, 87.
83 ‘no bathing’, ibid, 128.
84 ‘fuller of life’, ibid, 130
84 ‘white gliding ghostliness’, Melville, Moby-Dick, op cit, 191
84 ‘You don’t wanna’, Todd Motta to Mary Martin, undated.
84 ‘The instinct to not’, Junger, The Perfect Storm, W.W. Norton, 1997, 141-142
85 ‘like falling about’, ibid, 144
85 ‘For an instant’, Herman Melville’s journal, 13 October 1849, Leyda, op cit, 320; see also, Melville’s unedited journals online at andromeda.rutgers.edu.
86 ‘blond-beast’, see Jack London, Martin Eden, Renaissance Classics, 2012, Chapter XXXVII, e-book, unpaginated.
86 ‘With my own hands’, Jack London, The Cruise of the Snark, Dover Books / Courier Corporation, 4, quoted Garrison Keillor, ‘The Writer’s Almanac’, American Public Media website, 12 January 2017.
86 ‘FEAR JACK LONDON IS LOST IN PACIFIC’ New York Times, 10 January 1908.
86 ‘The sea is still and deep’, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, ‘Christus: A Mystery’, quoted Martin Eden, Renaissance Classics, 2012, print edition, 286.
87 ‘as though it were’, ibid, 435-6.
87 ‘not because’, Jack London, January 1910, The Letters of Jack London: 1913-1916, Vol III, Stanford University Press, 1988, 865.
87 ‘some maundering fancy’, Jack London, John Barleycorn: Alcoholic Memoirs, Chapter XII, Delphi Books, e-book, unpaginated.
88 ‘remorselessly beat the message of life’, Virginia Woolf, To the Lighthouse, Penguin, 1975, 19-20.
88 ‘a reflection in which things’, ibid, 112.
88 ‘would have’ ibid, 97.
89 ‘the nude photographs’, see Hermione Lee, Virginia Woolf, Chatto & Windus, 1996, 296 .
89 ‘Nature was unfeeling’, see To the Lighthouse, op cit, 153.
89 ‘the sea tosses itself’, ibid, 146.
89 ‘faint and flickering’ ibid, 156.
90 ‘the Star like sorrows of Immortal Eyes’, Julia Margaret Cameron, photograph inscription, quoted Julian Cox & Colin Ford, Julia Margaret Cameron: The Complete Photographs, Thames & Hudson, 2003, 223.
90 ‘her clothes spread wide’, Hamlet, IV.vii,176-7.
90 ‘Virginia Woolf’, studio photograph by Maurice Adams Beck and Helen Macgregor, wearing Julia Stephen’s dress, 1924. ‘In the early twenties Mr Maurice Beck, with Miss Helen McGregor, working in a large mews-studio near Cavendish Street, photographed in a strongly Bohemian atmosphere the “intelligentsia”…’ Cecil Beaton, British Photographers, William Collins, 1944, 37.
91 ‘In both books’, Delphi Complete Works of Virginia Woolf, Delphi Classics, 2013, online book, unpaginated; see also Stuart N. Clarke, editor, The Essays of Virginia Woolf: 1929-1932, Hogarth Press, 2009, 78.
91 ‘unfathomable waters’, see To the Lighthouse, op cit, 218.
91 ‘underworld of waters’, ibid, 207-8.
91 ‘I felt unreason’, quoted Lee, Virginia Woolf, op cit, 191.
91 ‘odd whirring of wings’, quoted ibid, 192.
91 ‘a purple stain’, To the Lighthouse, op cit, 152-3.
91 ‘We perish’d, each alone’, quoted ibid, 234. Cowper’s poem, written in 1799, was based on a man washed overboard, ‘His floating home for ever left’, and his crew mates’ horror at being unable to save him. ‘They left their outcast mate behind, / And scudded still before the wind… / bitter felt it still to die / Deserted, and his friends so nigh’. As a young man Cowper began to suffer from depression; in 1753, as a law student, he felt his ‘little garrison of sense’ was threatened, and went to Southampton to try and recover; he revisited the resort on a number of occasions seeking to dispel his melancholia, often walking from his friends’ house on the western side of Southampton Water to Netley Abbey, and ‘gave himself airs, and wore trousers’ like a sailor and was ‘master of one accomplishment, which even many sailors are unable to boast of – he was not a bad swimmer’. Thomas Taylor, The Life of William Cowper, Haskell House, 1892, 62; see also, ‘William Cowper’, Poetry Foundation website; Sotonpedia website; Southern Daily Echo, 6 April 1949, quoting from Gilbert Thomas, William Cowper and the Eighteenth Century, Allen and Unwin, 1949.
92 ‘poised half way down’, quoted Lee, op cit, 309.
92 ‘You’ll tell me I’m a failure as a writer’, quoted Lee, op cit, 309.
92 ‘a white arch of a thousand deaths’, see Virginia Woolf, Orlando Oxford University Press, 2000, 187
92 ‘The Flying Princess’, edited Anne Oliver Bell & Andrew McNeillie, The Diary of Virginia Woolf, Vol III, Hogarth Press, 1980, 4 September 1927, 154-5
92 ‘But we went on’, Lee, op cit, 584.
92 ‘frightening & excited’, The Diary of Virginia Woolf, Vol III, op cit, 30 September 1926, 113.
93 ‘my vision of a fin’, ibid, 4 September 1927, 153.
93 ‘ended hapily’, quoted Lee, op cit, 34.
93 ‘as one might see the fin of a porpoise’, Virginia Woolf, The Waves, The Hogarth Press, 1960, 134.
93 ‘slow porpoises’, a lesbian allusion, says Patricia Kramer, ‘Pearls and the Porpoise: The Years: A Lesbian Memoir’, Virginia Woolf: Lesbian Readings, New York University Press, 1997, 229
93 ‘though a certain blueness’, Orlando, Penguin, 1993, op cit, 25
88 ‘a sensual connection’, see Penny Farfan, Women, Modernism and Performance, University of Calgary, 2004, 137,
94 ‘often linked whales’, see Chapter 5, ‘Royal Fish- Shakespeare’s Princely Whales’, Brayton, Shakespeare’s Ocean, op cit.
94 ‘I like her’, The Diary of Virginia Woolf, Vol III, op cit, 21 December 1925, 52.
94 ‘Aint it odd’, Orlando, Penguin edition, op cit, Notes, 263, quoting Nigel Nicolson and Joanne Trautmann, editors, A Change of Perspective: The Letters of Virginia Woolf, Vol III, The Hogarth Press, 5 February 1927, 326.
94 ‘A porpoise in a fishmonger’s’, Orlando, Penguin edition, op cit, 215.
94 ‘having caught such’, Vita Sackville West to Harold Nicolson, 8 November 1926, quoted Lee, op cit, 505.
94 ‘stark naked’, Lee, ibid, 498.
95 ‘Moby-Dick’, see The Diary of Virginia Woolf, Vol III, op cit, 10 September 1928, 195.
95 ‘The snub-nosed monster’, Virginia Woolf, ‘Blue and Green’, Monday or Tuesday, Harcourt, Brace & Co, 1921, Dover, 1997, 82.
95 ‘So good-bye’, Orlando, Oxford University Press edition, op cit, 97.
95 ‘the first of November 1927’, ibid, 55.
95 ‘down to this blessed’, Moby-Dick, op cit, 379.
95 ‘For what more terrifying’, Orlando, Penguin edition, op cit, 206.
95 ‘prophesying a machine’, see Lee, op cit, 545.
95 ‘the clouds turned’, Orlando, Penguin edition, op cit, 159, 160.
95 ‘unfathomable seas’, Orlando, Penguin edition, op cit, 179.
96 ‘I have found my mate’, ibid,170.
96 ‘a ship sailing’, see ibid, 167.
96 ‘an unwieldy and turbulent whale’, see Lee, op cit, 151.
96 ‘a transaction with the spirit’, see ibid, 184.
96 ‘for immortality is but ubiquity’, Moby-Dick, op cit, 184.
96 ‘Gatsby’s’, see F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby, Penguin, (1926), 1976, 187.
96 ‘where things dwell’, Orlando, OUP edition, op cit,187.
96 ‘who were in touch’, Nigel Nicolson, Joanne Trautmann, editors, Leave the Letters Till We’re Dead: The Letters of Virginia Woolf, Vol VI, 1980, 244.
96 ‘the fate of Winifred Hambro’, see Glasgow Herald, 30 August 1932.
97 ‘Loch Ness swallowed Mrs Hambro’, Virginia Woolf, edited Leonard Woolf, A Writer’s Diary, Harcourt, 1982, 288.
97 ‘a sinister underwater cave’, see Geddes MacGregor, Scotland: An Intimate Portrait, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1990, 167.
97 ‘the artist Lily imagines’, see To the Lighthouse, op cit, 199.
97 ‘America, Which I Have Never Seen’, Hearst’s International Magazine, April 1938, reprinted The Dublin Review, Issue 5, Winter 2001-2.
97 ‘to fly,  To swim’, The Tempest, 1.II, 190-2.
97 ‘mad, & seeing the sunlight’, Lee, op cit, 352, quoting Anne Bell and Andrew McNeillie, editors, The Diary of Virginia Woolf, Vol II, 1978, 9 June 1924.
98 ‘One was compelled’, Mary Hutchinson, quoted Lee, op cit, 382.
98 ‘Here, in this room’, The Waves, op cit, 127.
98 ‘wander to the river’, ibid, 121.
98 ‘the waves’, ibid, 134.
99 ‘It was this sea’, Virginia Woolf, The Voyage Out, George H. Doran, New York, 1920, 210; quoted Lee, op cit, 226. The passage begins, ‘Hewet and Rachel had log ago reached the particular place on the edge of the cliff where, looking down into the sea, you might chance on jelly-fish and dolphins’. Earlier in the book, Rachel picks up Cowper’s Letters, ‘the classic prescribed by her father which had bored her’.(35)
99 ‘we live in the flicker’, Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness, Penguin, 1982, 8.
99 ‘the descent into the Tube was like death’, The Waves, 127.
99 ‘as regularly as the waves’, The Waves, 139.
99 ‘suddenly the waves’, ibid, 141. Compare with Charles Arrowby’s vision of a sea monster – ‘I saw a monster rising from the waves’ – in Iris Murdoch’s The Sea, the Sea, Chatto & Windus, 1978, Triad/Granada, 1980, 19.
99 ‘whales – huge leviathans’, The Waves, op cit, 152. Compare with The Voyage Out, as above.
99 ‘The sea will drum’, ibid, 147.
99 ‘violent and cruel’, ibid,165.
99 ‘as dark as polished whalebone’, ibid, 210.
99 ‘water that had been cooled’, ibid, 168.
99 ‘no fin breaks’, ibid, 201.
99 ‘There are figures’, ibid, 164.
100 ‘It is strange’, ibid, 194.
100 ‘Do you have visitors’, Pat de Groot to Philip Hoare, 7 January 2015.
100 ‘naked and barren’, Nathaniel Philbrick, Mayflower, 76-77. Stephen Hopkins, from Hursley, near Southampton, was one of the ‘Strangers’ on Mayflower and had been aboard Sea Venture when it wrecked off Bermuda, prompting the story for The Tempest. His son was born on the voyage to Cape Cod and was named Oceanus.
101 ‘our apparitions’, To the Lighthouse, 73.
101 ‘fitful, sudden, remote’, Virginia Woolf to Vita Sackville West, 23 September 1925, Letters III, op cit, 1588, 215; quoted Lee, op cit, 481.
101 ‘Once fuelled’, Thoreau discusses the qualities of winter- and summer-strained sperm oil at length, Cape Cod, op cit,196-197.
101 ‘in his solitary little’, ibid, 203.
102 ‘Is there any gas’, New York Herald Tribune, 19 March 1928, www.usnautilus.org
102 ‘a glitter of seas’, Sylvia Plath, ‘Ariel’, Ariel, Faber, 1968, 36.
103 ‘My childhood landscape’, Sylvia Plath, ‘Ocean 1212-W’, Johnny Panic and the Bible of Dreams, Faber,1977.
103 ‘sea-beaten’, ibid, 125.
103 ‘but never’, ibid, 125.
103 ‘Would my infant gills’, ibid, 123.
103 ‘some huge, radiant animal’, ibid, 125.
103 ‘a monstrous specialty’, ibid, 129.
103 ‘beautiful, inaccessible, obsolete’, ibid, 130.
103 ‘A far sea moves’, Sylvia Plath, ‘Morning Song’, Ariel, op cit.
103 ‘sucking her body’, see ‘Contusion’, Ariel, op cit, 84.
103 ‘blue salt ocean’, 30 August 1951, edited Karen V. Kukil, The Journals of Sylvia Plath, 1950-1962, Faber, 2000, 90, 30 August 1951.
104 ‘Of such moments’, To the Lighthouse, op cit, 121, quoted Karen V. Kukil, ‘Objects Are Documents: The Sylvia Plath Collection’, Smith College website, 24 September 2010.
104 ‘Only I couldn’t drown’, Andrew Wilson, Mad Girl’s Love Song; Sylvia Plath and Life before Ted Hughes, Simon & Schuster, 2013, 270, The Journals of Sylvia Plath, op cit, 269.
104 ‘a friend in Provincetown’, see Mad Girl, op cit, 275.
105 ‘write, read, swim, sun’, The Journals of Sylvia Plath:1950-1962, op cit, 286.
105 ‘power and glory’, see ibid, 290.
105 ‘great salt tides of the Atlantic’, ibid, 289.
105 ‘the sea of my life steady’, ibid, 286.
105 ‘weird, other world’, ibid, 297.
105 ‘pre-Adamite horse-shoe’, Ted Hughes, ‘The Prism’, Birthday Letters, Collected Poems, Faber, 2003, 1162.
105 ‘wild, original greenery’, ‘Flounders’, ibid, 184.
105 ‘the whaled monstered’, ‘The Egg-Head’, The Hawk in the Rain, ibid, 33.
105 ‘hints of other’, T.S. Eliot, The Waste Land facsimile, Faber, 1971, 55.
105 ‘the men who drowned’, see ‘The Voyage’, Lupercal, Ted Hughes: Collected Poems, op cit, 77.
105 ‘Where darkness on Time’, ‘Shells, ibid, 55.
105 ‘endless sun, waves, birds’, The Journals of Sylvia Plath:1950-1962, op cit, 286.
105 ‘a head in the freakish Atlantic’, Sylvia Plath, ‘Daddy’, Ariel, op cit, 54.
106 ‘seer’s vision-stone”, ‘The Prism’, Ted Hughes, Birthday Letters, quoted Jonathan Bate, Ted Hughes: The Unauthorised Life, William Collins, 2015, 132.
106 ‘I’d rather not live’, The Journals of Sylvia Plath:1950-1962, op cit, 296.
106 ‘deathly pink, yellow and pistachio’, ibid, 285.
106 ‘whelmed and wondrous’, ibid, 14 April 1958, 370.
107 ‘My final memory of the sea’, Ocean 1212, op cit, 129.
108 ‘those looking for good surf-bathing’, edited by Mike Berlin, Truro’s History and its Tercentennial, supplement published by Provincetown Banner, 2009.
108 ‘a bowhead whale’, see, ‘”A remarkable sighting” Center for Coastal Studies identifies Arctic bowhead whale in Cape Cod Bay’, 18 April 2014, Provincetown Center for Coastal Studies website, www.coastalstudies.org.
109 ‘Tom Slaughter’ 7 January 2015. In January 2015 the trawler was ordered to stop dredging clams from within forty feet offshore of Herring Cove; see Cape Cod Times online, 12 January 2015.
109 ‘Dovekies’, 9 January 2015; see ‘Alaska Seabird Information Series: Dovekie Alle alle’, www.fws.gov; see also Beston, The Outermost House, op cit, 103-105.
109 ‘blackening all the air’, Charles Kingsley, The Water Babies, Macmillan, 1864, 240.
109 ‘where the good whales lay’, ibid, 249
110 ‘As long as there was the sea’, Sten Nadolny, The Discovery of Slowness, Paul Dry Books, Philadelphia, 2005, 215. With thanks to Jon Sinaiko for introducing me to Nadolny’s book.
111 ‘wood enough within’, see The Tempest, 1.2, 315
111 ‘her uncle’, Pat de Groot to Philip Hoare, 7 January 2015. Llewelyn George Richardson, RN, a lifelong naval officer who enlisted at the age of fourteen – training at Greenwich, HMS Victory, Gosport and Lee-on-Solent – was commanding officer of the escort carrier, HMS Smiter, from January 1944 to October 1945. The ship arrived at New York on 6 June 1944, and was berthed at 35th Street Pier, Brooklyn; see ‘A History of HMS Smiter’, www.royalnavyresearcharchive.org.uk and ‘Richardson, Llewelyn George “Rich”, Royal Navy (RN) Officers, 1939-1945, www.unithistories.com.
111 ‘What a fine frosty night’, ‘The Carpet-Bag’, Moby-Dick, op cit, 11
112 ‘the more so, I say’, ibid, ‘The Nightgown’, Moby-Dick, ibid, 55
112 ‘Early on a bright Sunday’, 11 January 2015.
113 ‘tightly shut’, Thoreau, Cape Cod, op cit, 99
113 ‘five hundred years old’, see Max Wisshak et al, ‘Shell architecture, element composition, and stable isotopes signature of the giant deep-sea oyster Neopycnodontezibrowii sp.n. from the N.E. Atlantic’, Deep-Sea Research I, 2008.
113 ‘Then something extraordinary happens’, 8 January 2015.
110 ‘but the line parted’, Stormy Mayo to Philip Hoare, 27 August 2016
115 ‘Woods Hole’, see ‘Cape Cod: Where Sea Holds Sway Over Man’, National Geographic Vol 122, No.2, August 1962, www.provincetownhistoryproject.com, accessed 28 August 2016/
115 ‘remembers its arrival’, Elspeth Vevers to Philip Hoare, Provincetown beach, 19 January 2016.
116 ‘The nor’westerly has returned’, 18 January 2015.
117 ‘The Perfect Storm’, Junger, op cit, 105.
117 ‘Pat appears’, 18 January 2015.
117 ‘Pat tells me’, Pat de Groot to Philip Hoare, 27 April 2015.
117 ‘That night’, 16 January 2015.
117 ‘a comet’, Comet Lovejoy.
118 ‘Cetus, the astral whale’, see Susanna Hislop, Stories in the Stars: An Atlas of Constellations, Hutchinson, 2014, 48.
118 ‘prompted the Pilgrims’, see Philbrick, op cit, 6.


123 ‘We no longer camp’, Walden, op cit, 37
123 ‘three years’ slumber’, John Sampson, editor, William Blake, The Poetical Works, Oxford University Press, 1908, 152; also quoted www.bartleby.com.
124 ‘a young Patrick’, Walden, op cit, 44.
124 ‘but a sort of porch’, ibid, 45.
124 ‘the poetic faculty’, ibid, 46
124 ‘The man I meet’, quoted John W. Cousin, D.C. Browning, Everyman’s Dictionary of Literary Biography, Pan, 1972, 682
124 ‘I should not talk’, Walden, op cit, 3
125 ‘I carried a good part’, ibid, 147.
125 ‘on a late spring afternoon’, 15 May 2014.
125 ‘Why should I feel lonely?’, Walden, op cit, 133.
125 ‘We are wont ‘, ibid, 88.
125 ‘I got up early’, ibid, 88.
125 ‘lying between the earth’, ibid, 176.
126 ‘of an alabaster whiteness’, ibid, 177.
126 ‘white sand to scrub ‘, see ibid, 113.
126 ‘After hoeing’, ibid, 167.
126 ’30’, 91′, 121”, Thoreau, draft survey of Walden Pond, 1846, Special Collections, The Concord Public Library, 113b.
126 ‘there was no such thing as size’, Ralph Waldo Emerson, quoted ‘Mapping Thoreau Country’ website.
127 ‘It is earth’s eye’, Thoreau, Walden, op cit,186.
127 ‘I wish this evening’ Thoreau, ‘Walking’ MS, Special Collections, The Concord Free Public Library.
127 ‘Standing on the bare ground’, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nature, James Munroe, Boston, 1836, Chapter I, 13, archive.org; see also Richard Francis, Fruitlands: The Alcott Family and their search for Utopia, Yale University Press, 2010, 26.
127 ‘Good-morning, damn you’, Louisa M. Alcott, ‘Transcendental Wild Oats’, Bronson Alcott’s Fruitlands, Houghton Mifflin, Boston and New York, 1915,160.
128 ‘could be redeemed’, ‘Samuel Larned’, www.alcott.net, consulted 11 June 2014.
128 ‘long hair’, Clara Endicott Sears, ‘A New Eden’, Bronson Alcott’s Fruitlands, Houghton Mifflin, 1915, 19.
128 ‘given their severe dietary restrictions’, Francis, op cit, 145.
128 ’round to the back door’, see Sears, op cit, 19-20.
128 ‘peculiarly costumed’, Francis, op cit, 146.
128 ‘ultra’, ibid, 187.
129 ‘friction brush’, ibid, 261.
129 ‘I went to the woods’, Walden, op cit, 90.
129 ‘for true integrity’, ibid, 6.
129 ‘the earth’s eye’, see ibid, 186
129 ‘Now comes good sailing’, quoted Garrison Keillor, The Writer’s Almanac publicradio.org, 5 May 2008.
129 ‘Exiled on the island’, see Ovid, Mary M. Innes, translator, The Fall of Icarus, Penguin Classics, 2015.
130 ‘Something falls out of the sky’, Nicolas Roeg, The Man Who Fell to Earth, 1976; re-viewed, 12 & 13 May 2015.
130 ‘… sun shone’, W.H. Auden, ‘XXI. Musée des Beaux Arts’, Another Time, Faber & Faber, 1940, 47, see ‘Another Time by W.H. Auden’, British Library website.
131 ‘with its thinness’, Walter Tevis, The Man Who Fell to Earth, Pan, 1976, 20.
131 ‘I imagine he’ll remember’, ibid, 82.
131 ‘confronted by this vision’, Lindsay Kemp, quoted Bowie Is, V&A Publishing, 2013, 38.
132 ‘sailors drowning at sea’, see Lindsay Kemp interview, The Guardian, 12 January 2016.
132 ‘Derek Jarman wanted him’, see Peake, op cit, 271.
132 ‘Howard Hughes’, see Don Cornelius interview, Soul Train, 4 November 1975; also www.bowiegoldenyears.com.
132 ‘Tevis describes’, Tevis, op cit, 50.
132 ‘oceanic sounds’, end credits, Roeg, The Man Who Fell to Earth.
133 ‘Watlington had been working’, Watlington recorded the sounds from a square watch tower below St David’s Lighthouse on the eastern edge of Bermuda. See Scott Neil, ‘Frank Watlington and the Whale Song’, RG Magazine, May 2008, 48-50, www.whalesbermuda.com; Scott McVay, Surprise Encounters: With Artists and Scientists, Whales and Other Living Things, Wild River Books, 2015, 140-143; D. Graham Burnett The Sounding of the Whale: Science and Cetaceans in the Twentieth Century, University of Chicago Press, 2012, 628-633; Hal Whitehead and Luke Rendell, The Cultural Lives of Whales and Dolphins, University of Chicago Press, 2015, 76-79.
133 ‘Far from land’, Roger Payne, cover notes for Songs of the Humpback Whale, Capitol Records, 1970.
133 ‘Roger Payne released the recordings’, see David Rothenberg, Thousand Mile Song: Whale Music in a Sea of Sound, Basic Books, 2008,16-17; see also The Man Who Fell to Earth, www.bowiegoldenyears.com.
134 ‘Our word for your planet’, Roeg, The Man Who Fell to Earth.
134 ‘Arthur C. Clarke’: ‘How inappropriate to call this planet Earth, when clearly it is Ocean’, quoted L. van der Velder, Geologica Ultraiectina, Issue 85, 1957, www.lists.project-wombat.org.
134 ‘sending probes’, Blakean images from the Voyager plaques of a naked man and woman and transect lines indicating Homo sapiens’ place in the solar system appear on the Black Star album, 2016.
134 ‘Andrew Delbanco observes’, Melville: His World and Work, Knopf, 2005, 160.
134 ‘David Bowman’. In 1965, Bowie designed costumes for a fantasy group which he called The Bowmen.
136 ‘as the sun sets over the bay’, 12 May 2015.
137 ‘The director cannot say’, Nicolas Roeg to Philip Hoare, 24 March 2016.
137 ‘If you have nothing’, Billy Budd, Peter Ustinov,1962 – also filmed at Elstree.
138 ‘He’d arrived from Dover’, 2 May 1976.
138 I felt I had been summoned’, either 6 or 7 May 1976.
138 ‘was inspired, not by trains’, see Uncut interview, 1999, quoted www.bowiegoldenyears.com.
140 ‘He felt momentarily like Henry Thoreau’, Tevis, op cit, 77
140 ‘the sky-fallen boy’, ibid, 84
140 ‘related to one’, F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby, Penguin, 1974, 8.
141 ‘as a traveller’, Woolf, To the Lighthouse, op cit, 220.
141 ‘angelic figures walking’, see Peter Ackroyd, Blake, Sinclair-Stevenson, 1995, 34
141 ‘Eternity exists’, Blake’s commentary on his painting, A Vision of the Last Judgement, 1810, edited David V. Erdman, commentary Harold Bloom, The Poetry and Prose of William Blake, Doubleday, 1968, 553, quoted Joseph Gomez, ‘Another Look at Nicolas Roeg’, Film Criticism, Vol 6, No.1, Fall 1981. Eduardo Paolozzi sculpted Blake’s Newton for the British Library’s piazza.
141 ”What seest thou else’, The Tempest, 1.2.50. Keats quoted the line in his letter to J.H. Reynolds from the Isle of Wight, 18 April 1817, op cit
141 ‘It fucks with the fabric’. It was an Eventide Harmonizer. See Uncut interview with Tony Visconti, 1999, bowiegoldenyears.com, accessed 4 Feb 2015; see also Francis Whately, Five Years, BBC television, 2013.
141 ‘as his friend vaguely recalls’, Brian Eno to Philip Hoare, 29 February 2016.
142 ‘sad, liquid, long-vowelled’, Tevis, op cit,162.
142 ‘certainly not the first’, ibid, 163.
142 ‘this monstrous, beautiful, terrifying’, ibid, 167.
142 ‘his thirst having become an addiction’. I am grateful to Wild Therapy Project, @Wild_Therapy, Twitter, 7 September 2016, for this suggestion.
143 ‘the sadness he felt’, see interview with Jean Rook, Daily Express, 5 May 1976, www.bowiegoldenyears.com. He made ‘suffering sound like a superior condition’, Morrissey; quoted Ben Thompson, The Independent on Sunday, 4 March 2007, reviewing Tony Visconti, Bowie, Bolan and the Brooklyn Boy, Harper, 2007.
144 ‘Oh, don’t worry about it’. Farnsworth was played by the actor and writer, Buck Henry, who had written the screenplay for The Day of the Dolphin (1973), based on the controversial cetacean experiments of John C. Lilly, who claimed that dolphins were aliens on earth.
145 ‘He’s just a man’, Tom Thompson to Philip Hoare, Provincetown, 17 January 2015.
145 ‘When he was photographed’, see Steve Shapiro, Bowie, New York, 2016.
145 ‘Napoleon Sarony’s doorstep’, see Chapter III, David M. Friedman, Wilde in America: Oscar Wilde and the Invention of Modern Celebrity, W.W. Norton, 2015. Oscar’s furs had probably come from North America in the first place. Todd Haynes’ 1998 film, Velvet Goldmine, envisions a UFO visiting Dublin in 1854 and leaving a baby boy on the Wildes’ doorstep.
145 ‘man dress’, see Geoffrey Marsh, ‘Astronaut of Inner Spaces’, Bowie Is, 42, 45.
145 ‘Surely all this’, ‘Loomings’, Moby-Dick, op cit, 4.
145 ‘She had been a gloomy boy’, Orlando, op cit, 162.
146 ‘Not long ago’, 24 May 2012.
146 ‘Recently I heard his voice’, Marc Riley’s Musical Time Machine, broadcast BBC Radio 4, 27 January 2015.
146 ‘Vile Bodies’, see Howard Bloom, ‘Bowie Foresees the States In Flames – The Personal Story Behind “Aladdin Sane”‘ Circus magazine, July 1973, ‘The Ziggy Stardust Story’, Five Years website, www.5years.com. See also sleeve notes, David Bowie, Aladdin Sane, RCA, 1973. See also Stephen Tennant to Cecil Beaton, 10 October 1928, ‘Is it true you and I appear in a novel by Waugh?’, quoted Philip Hoare, Serious Pleasures, Hamish Hamilton, 1990, op cit, 122.
148 ‘The lamps are going out’, 3 August 1914, Viscount Grey of Fallodon, Twenty-Five Years, Frederick Stokes Company, New York, 1925, Vol II, 20, archive.org; quoted Serious Pleasures, op cit. Other accounts name John Alfred Spender, editor of the Westminster Gazette, as Grey’s confidante; see ‘The lamps are going out’, Wikipedia entry.
148 ‘his raffish future’, see Michael Luke, David Tennant and the Gargoyle Years, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1991.
148 ‘the kind with bluegreen iridescence’, Serious Pleasures, ibid, 16.
148 ‘photographed in his Silver Room’, see Vogue, March 1927, quoted ibid, 63-64.
149 ‘gold-dusty with tumbling’, ibid, 109, quoting Francis Thompson, Catholic ascetic, poet, consumptive, vagrant, and opium addict, on Shelley, The Works of Francis Thompson, Burn & Oats, 1913, 18. The passage continues, ‘He makes bright mischief with the moon. The meteors nuzzle their noses in his hand.’ Thompson was rescued by Wilfred and Alice Meynell, friends of the Tennants. Their daughter, Viola Meynell, became a champion of Herman Melville’s literary renaissance in Britain and had Moby-Dick republished in 1920.
149 ‘a tall young footman’, William, the footman, showed the films after dinner, having insisted on doing so ‘dressed as an Indian’ and pretending he spoke no English. Stephen attended dinner dressed in a white Russian suit ‘with a silver train and bandeau round his head’, wrote Edith Oliver. ‘He moves like Mercurius, with winged feet’. William, whose surname goes unknown, continued to film Stephen on his European honeymoon. Unfortunately the films do not appear to have survived. (see Serious Pleasures, op cit, 87, 94, 144.)
150 ‘when the silver shone ‘, Orlando, op cit, 76.
150 ‘a little vulgar’, see ibid, 208.
150 ‘an Arcadian strip cartoon’, Laurence Whistler, The Laughter and the Urn: The Life of Rex Whistler, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1985, 91.
150 ‘this exquisite grey creature’, Stephen Tennant, journal, 27 September 1927, quoted The Contents of Wilsford Manor, Sotheby’s catalogue, 1987, 161.
150 ‘the illness of time’, see Jean Cocteau, 1927: ‘In Christopher Wood there is no malice. There is a frankness, a naivety of a young dog who has not yet had the illness of time’, exhibition caption, Christopher Wood: Sophisticated Primitive, Pallant House, Chichester, August 2016. Wood, whose work was ever focused on the sea and whose 1927 self-portrait is another summation of interwar queer culture, became addicted to opium. He would kill himself three years later, sailing back from Le Havre to Southampton and, having met his sister in Salisbury, threw himself in front of the Atlantic Coast Express, bound for Waterloo. The inquest remarked of a note he appeared to have left behind that ‘One could not connect the words up with anything’. ‘Artist’s Leap In Front Of Train’, undated newspaper cutting 1930, Pallant House exhibition, ibid.
151 ‘fish in a tank’, Stephen Spender to Philip Hoare, 30 August 1987.
151 ‘one of her albums’. The pencil caption also adds ‘W.Robson’, perhaps the name of Stephen’s filming footman; see ‘Virginia Woolf Monk’s House Photograph Album, MH-3, 1863-1938 (MS Thr 560), seq.133. Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard University Oasis online archive, www.oasis.lib.harvard edu.

151 ‘I sat in the upper landing’, Stephen Tennant, journal 17 September 1935; see also Serious Pleasures, op cit, 198.
152 ‘Virginia drove down’, see The Diary of Virginia Woolf, Vol III, op cit, 20 September 1935, 342.
152 ‘the doors of the Victorian aquarium’, The Times, 18 September 1935; see also www.groups.yahoo.com/neo/groups/mybrightonandhove.
152 ‘transparent dreams’, Stephen Tennant, journal 17 September 1935; see also Serious Pleasures, op cit, 198.
153 ‘prophetic song’, E.M. Forster, Aspects of the Novel, 1927, Harcourt, 1955, 142, quoted Mary C. Francis, ‘E.M. Forster and Benjamin Britten’s Billy Budd’, Biographical Passages: Essays in Victorian and Modernist Biography, University of Missouri Press, 2000, 51.
153 ‘its sadness’, see E. M. Forster, Aspects of the Novel, quoted Paul Kildea, Benjamin Britten: A Life in the Twentieth Century, Allen Lane, 2013, 326. Stephen Tennant wrote a number of marginalia regarding Melville’s work, and at least one of his complex Lascar compositions from this period features a sailor with his face tattooed, a modern Queequeg.
154 ‘Morgan’s always in such a hurry’, Stephen Tennant, journal, 5-7 October 1935, Serious Pleasures, op cit, 204.
154 ‘there is but one step’, Robert Browning to Elizabeth Barrett Browning, 4 August 1845, Robert B. Browning, editor, The Letters of Robert Browning and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Vol I, 1845-1846, Gutenberg ebook.
154 ‘Well, I’m going’, quoted Stephen Tennant, journal, 7 November 1935.
155 ‘great white goosefeathers’, ibid, 15 December 1935.
155 ‘The snow was’, ibid, 18 December 1935.
156 ‘one hour from paradise’, ibid, 25 December 1935..
156 ‘Please write to me’, Willa Cather to Stephen Tennant, tipped in letter, I January 1936, journal 1935-1936.
156 ‘such a nice boy’, Stephen Tennant journal, 31 December 1935
156 ‘& only felt sorry’, ibid, 5 Jan 1936.
156 ‘when I want solace’, ibid, 29 Nov 1935
157 ‘You have seen our winter’, Willa Cather to Stephen Tennant, tipped in letter 22 February 1936, journal 1935-1936.
157 ‘Europe continues’, Stephen Tennant, journal, 11 March 1936.
158 ‘thinking of the wonder ‘, ibid, 14 March 1936.
158 ‘monk’s torpor’, V.S. Naipaul, The Enigma of Arrival, Picador, 2002, 56, quoted Serious Pleasures, op cit, 361; also V.S. Naipaul – Prose: Except from The Enigma of Arrival, ww.nobelprize.org, accessed 2 May 2017.
159 ‘Beardsley had haemorrhaged’, see Matthew Sturgis, Aubrey Beardsley: A Biography, HarperCollins, 1998, 306.
159 ‘the sea’s illimitable detachment’, Stephen Tennant: Alexander Iolas Gallery 46 East 57 Street, 22 m, New York City, Grosvenor Press, Portsmouth, c.1954.
159 ‘to write, much more’, Orlando, 54.
160. ‘Lascar’, colour plate published in Horizon, April 1941.
160 ‘It was dawn’, Stephen Tennant, journal, 2 August 1948, recalling flight, January 1939, see Serious Pleasures, op cit, 237.
161 ‘shone like a shell’, Woolf, Orlando, op cit, 218
162 ‘I was a child’, see Serious Pleasures, op cit, 29
162 ‘sketched himself’, Stephen Tennant to Cecil Beaton, undated letter, 1927, see ibid, 67.
162 ‘the place of our dim ancestral beginnings’, Rachel Carson, The Edge of the Sea, Houghton Mifflin, 1955, Mariner Books, 1998, xiii. The book was the last in Carson’s sea trilogy, following Under the Sea-Wind and The Sea Around Us.
162 ‘one afternoon’, 25 October 1986.
163 ‘One year later’, 15-16 October 1987.


167 ‘Bass Rock’, see Bryan Nelson, The Bass and its Seabirds, Irvine, 2000.
167 ‘a quarter of a million birds’, see BBC news website, ‘Bass Rock has world’s largest colony of Northern gannets’, 13 February 2015. In August 2016, the Scottish Seabird Centre reckoned that with the addition of newly-fledged chicks, this number may have reached two hundred and fifty thousand. (Author’s visit, 15 August 2016)
168 ‘inflatable sacs’, for this and subsequent details on gannets, see Nelson, op cit, and Tony Soper, ‘Northern Gannets’, Wildlife of Coastal Waters: British Isles, Bradt Travel Guides/Globe Pequot Press, 2002, 46.
168 ‘Baldred’, see James Miller, Saint Baldred of the Bass: A Pictish Legend, Edinburgh, 1824, 91. North Berwick’s witch, Agnes Sampson, was supposedly the source of the demons that tried to attack James I’s ship in 1590.
169 ‘Morus bassanus’ – named Pelecanus bassanus by Linneaus, and later Sula bassanus – after its common name, the solan goose; see Nelson, op cit.
170 ‘And I remember’, David Thomson, People of the Sea, Canongate, 2001, 51.
170 ‘sea-lit’ Seamus Heaney, intro, People of the Sea, ibid, xii-xiii.
170 ‘Thomson, whose family’, see Heaney, ibid, xiv-xv; also ‘Papers of David Thomson (1914-88), Acc.10129, Manuscripts Division, National Library of Scotland.
171 ‘a state of almost’, Heaney, ibid, xii-xiii.
171 ‘he was theriomorphic’, see Franz de Waal, Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are?, 39, quoting Desmond Morris, ‘Retrospective: Beginnings’, in Tinbergen’s Legacy in Behaviour: Sixty Years of Landmark Stickleback Papers, edited F. Von Hippel, 49-53, Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 51, describing Konrad Lorenz, lecture to Bristol University, 1951.
171 ‘I heard a raven’, People of the Sea, op cit, 134.
171 ‘a hard, small town’ , ibid, 1.
171 ‘Fisherwomen were known’, see Elspeth Probyn, Eating the Ocean, Duke University Press, 2016, 113; see also Jane Nadel-Klien, Fishing for Heritage, Berg, 2003, quoted Probyn, 113.
172 ‘all wore strange-shaped’, Charles Richard Weld, Two Months in the Highlands, Orcadia and Skye, Longmans, 1860, 53-54. Weld acted as librarian to the Royal Society, and published pamphlets on the search for Franklin in 1851. He was married to Franklin’s niece, Anne Selwood; her sister Emily married Alfred Tennyson. Agnes Grace Weld, Charles’s daughter, sat to Julia Margaret Cameron and to Lewis Carroll, and would later live at Keyhaven, facing the western end of the Isle of Wight. Weld was forced to resign from the Society in 1861 when he was found in a private room with a woman who was not his wife, and was said to be a prostitute; see Kimberley Eve, ‘Victorian Musings’ blog, 17 November 2013.
172 ‘Pictish Beast’, drawing by Joe Lyward. See ‘Pictish stones: Society and Culture: The Symbols’, Historic Scotland website, also www.pictishstones.org.uk;also Craig Cessford, ‘Pictish Art and the Sea’; A Journal of Early Medieval Northwestern Europe, Issue 8, June 2005, Elizabeth Ragan, editor, ‘Traders, Saints, and Pirates: The Sea in Early Medieval Northwestern Europe’, www.heroicage.org
172 ‘Battered by storms’, quoted Lighthouse Museum website, www.lighthousemuseum.org.uk.
173 ‘several seals’, Alan Stevenson, A Biographical Sketch of the Late Robert Stevenson, Esq, Blackwoods, 1851, 31.
173 ‘the noblest of all’, Robert Louis Stevenson, ‘Thomas Stevenson, Civil Engineer’, Jeremy Treglown, editor, The Lantern Bearers and Other Essays, Cooper Square Press, 1999, 212.
174 ‘his studies of waves’, Robert Louis Stevenson, ‘Thomas Stevenson’, op cit, quoted Rosalind Williams, The Triumph of Human Empire, University of Chicago Press, 2013, 255.
174 ‘I was like a man fallen’ R.L. Stevenson, ‘Random Memories: The Education of an Engineer’, Collected Essays University of Adelaide e-book edition, 2005.
175 ‘agonized womb ‘, The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.
175 ‘As the night gathered’, Spey Bay, 24 May 2013.
176 ‘There were little sandy beaches’, To the Lighthouse, op cit, 80.
176 ‘Aye. It’s sleekit now’, People of the Sea, op cit, 15.
177 ‘In the Outer Hebrides’, Butt of Lewis, 6 November 2016.
178 ‘But I suppose now’, ibid, 66-67.
178 ‘But what is in the mind of them’, ibid, 76.
178 She went out’, ibid, 101.
178 ‘”No,’ says Michael’, ibid, 103.
178 ‘I came only just in time’, ibid, xvii.
179 ‘a great man’, ibid, 108.
179 ‘Who killed Anna?’, ibid, 109.
179 ‘a thousand million seals’, see ibid, 119.
179 ‘Men take selkies’, see ibid, 131.
179 ‘Neglected human wives’, see ibid, 148.
179 ‘the fins couldna grow’, ibid, 15
179 ‘because it got in the way’, Ian Stephen to Philip Hoare, Faclan, Stornoway, 5 November 2016.
179 ‘For the seals’, ibid, 152.
180 ‘I’ve heard a Shetland man’, ibid, 152-153.
180 ‘There was many a man drowned’, ibid, 174.
180 ‘woven at home’, ibid, 184-185.
180 ‘We rake this fire’, ibid, 196.
180 ‘As to the seals’, ibid, xviii-xix.
181 ‘the biggest seal I ever saw’, ibid, 119.
182 ‘the last wolf in Wales’, see Maev Kennedy, The Guardian, 1 January 2016.
182 ‘The town seems empty’, Portmadoc, 6 September 2014.
183 ‘mad Shelley’, W.H. Merle, ‘Shelley at Eton’, 1848, quoted James Bieri, Percy Bysshe Shelley: A Biography: Youth’s Unextinguished Fire, 1792-1816, University of Delaware Press, 2004, 86.
183 ‘large box so full’, quoted Richard Holmes, Shelley: The Pursuit, HarperCollins, 1994, 136-137.
183 ‘Government has no rights’, ibid, 138.
184 ‘His children ran about naked’, see John Frank Newton, The Return to Nature: or a defence of the vegetable regimen, Cadell & Davies, London, 1811, 113-114, archive.org.
184 ‘chymical’, ibid, 17.
184 ‘wholly adapted’, ibid, 17.
184 ‘monkies’, ibid, 19.
185 ‘… entails upon them’, ibid, 20.
185 ‘until Captain Cook conceived’, ibid, 36.
185 ‘whalers of Nantucket’, see ibid, 127.
185 ‘within a few paces’, ibid, 14.
185 ‘The burning of the world’, ibid, 4, 5, 15, 16.
185 ‘It is not man’, ibid, 66.
185 ‘the image of some heavenly spirit’, André Maurois, Ariel; The Life of Shelley, Appleton, 1924, 119-120.
186 ‘vessels of heavenly medicine’, Holmes, op cit, 149.
186 ‘gods-in-bottles’, see Philip Hoare, ‘Gods in bottles and concrete crocodiles: British Folk Art at Tate Britain’, New Statesman, 3 July 2014.
186 ‘little argosies’, Maurois, op cit, 22.
186 ‘sky-fleet’, see Holmes, op cit, 503, 561.
186 ‘a ray of courage’, Percy Bysshe Shelley, ‘To A Balloon Laden with Knowledge’, quoted ibid, 149.
186 ‘mauersegler, or ‘wall sailors’, see Brigid Haines, Lyn Marven, editors, Herts Müller, Oxford University Press, 2013, 68.
187 ‘Mr Shelley has been regarded’, see ‘Printing and Attempts to Circulate “The Devil’s Walk”, ‘Romantic Circles’, website, editors Donald H. Reiman and Neil Fraistat, September 1997.
187 ‘one of the noblest works’, Holmes, ibid, 166.
187 ‘the true Prince of Wales’, see Thomas Jefferson Hogg, Edward John Trelawny, Thomas Love Peacock, The Life of Percy Bysshe Shelley, Dent, 1933, Vol 1, 367.
187 ‘a cottage extensive and tasty’, Percy Bysshe Shelley to Hogg, 7 February 1813, ibid, Vol 1, 381.
188 ‘The sea, which used to dash’, quoted Holmes, op cit, 183.
188 ‘The thermometer is twelve degrees’, Percy Bysshe Shelley to Thomas Jefferson Hogg, 26 January 1813, Hogg et al, op cit, 372.
188 ‘The society in Wales’, Percy Bysshe Shelley to Hogg, 3 December 1812, ibid, 379.
188 ‘I continue vegetable’, Percy Bysshe Shelley to Hogg, 27 December 1812, ibid, 381.
189 ‘By God, I will be revenged’, Harriet Shelley to Hogg, 12 March 1813, ibid, 387.
189 ‘a transportable Offence, if discovered’, Holmes, op cit, 196.
189 ‘taunted and terrified’, Holmes, ibid, 197.
189 ‘fancied he saw a man’s’, see Margaret L. Croft, The Century illustrated monthly magazine, October 1905 (see Holmes, op cit, plate section for image). The screen then belonged to Lady Jane Shelley.
189 ‘following figure’, Holmes, op cit, 25. See also Shelley’s ‘Hymn to Intellectual Beauty’: ‘While yet a boy I sought for ghosts, and sped | Through many a listening chamber, cave and ruin, | And starlight wood, with fearful steps pursuing’, Stephen Spender, editor, A Choice of Shelley’s Verse, Faber and Faber, 1972, 17.
190 ‘Was it possible’, Hogg et al, op cit, Vol 1, 47; Trelawny, Vol II, 172.
190 ‘he had contracted elephantiasis’, see Thomas Love Peacock, Hogg et al, Vol II, 326.
190 ‘tea, bread and butter’, see ibid, 340.
190 ‘Shelley never flourished’, ibid, 194.
190 ‘the Deep’s untrammelled floor’, Percy Bysshe Shelley, ‘Stanzas Written in Dejection, near Naples’, editor David Wright, The Penguin Book of English Romantic Verse, 1976, 243.
190 ‘sharks gnawed at the bones’, see ‘Similes for Two Political Characters’, ibid, 246.
191 ‘strange and fantastic pranks’, Hogg et al, op cit, Vol I, ix.
191 ‘as he always looked’, ibid, 364.
191 ‘queer people’, ibid, 347.
191 ‘scrawling and doodling’, see ibid, 348.
192 ‘beautiful and ineffectual angel’, Stephen Spender, introduction, A Choice of Shelley’s Verse op cit, 10.
192 ‘angel of history’, Walter Benjamin, ‘Theses on the Philosophy of History’, 1940, XI, edited and introduced by Hannah Arendt, translated by Harry Zorn, Illuminations, Pimlico, 1999, 249. Benjamin, a German Jew, had himself been fascinated by Cabbalism as a young student.
192 ‘half man and half meteorite’, Holmes, xi; Ariel was published by John Lane in London in 1924, it was the first Penguin book to be published, in 1935.
192 ‘Bysshe sometimes sighed deeply’, Maurois, 71.
192 ‘Shelley, you are’, Hogg, op cit, Vol 2, 99.
192 ‘I could tell you a history’, quoted Stephen Hebron and Elizabeth C. Denlinger, Shelley’s Ghost: Reshaping the Image of a Literary Family, Bodleian Publishing, 2010, 44.
192 ‘diagnosed mental illness’, Stephen Hebron to Philip Hoare, 27 October 2014.
193 ‘I never part from this’, Peacock, Hogg, The Life of Shelley, op cit, Vol II, 336; Maurois, 142.
193 ‘troubled with the passion for reforming the world’, Peacock, Nightmare Abbey, 1818, Penguin, 1986, 47.
193 ‘ruinous and full of owls’, ibid, 42, 49.
193 ‘a Ravine of Icy Rocks’, this and the following from Prometheus Unbound, The Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley, Frederick Warne, 1894, 200-256.
193 ‘all the gods’, quoted Spender, introduction, op cit, 11; see also Holmes, op cit, 494.
193 ‘Now I am become’, see Ray Monk, Inside the Centre: The Life of J. Robert Oppenheimer, Random House, 2012, 439; also Kai Bird, Martin J. Sherwin, American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of Robert Oppenheimer, Knopf, 2005.
194 ‘So thy form’, Prometheus Unbound, op cit.
194 ‘Virginia Woolf recorded’, see Lee, op cit, 171.
194 ‘far advanced in pregnancy’, The Times, quoted Holmes, op cit, 352.
194 ‘their mother’, see Caitlin Davies, Downstream, Aurum Press, 2015, 191.
195 ‘What storms’, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Epipsychidion, The Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley, op cit, 316.
195 ‘I felt in this near prospect of death’, Peacock, Hogg, et all, op cit, Vol II, 373.
195 ‘the most extraordinary thing’, Holmes, op cit, 335.
195 ‘If you can’t swim’, see Maurois, op cit, 216
195 ‘he claimed to have learnt’, see Trelawny, Hogg et al, op cit, Vol II, 189
196 ‘As a young boy’, see David Crane, Lord Byron’s Jackal: A Life of Edward John Trelawny, Four Walls Eight Windows Books, 1999, 12.
196 ‘this pale handsome face’, quoted, inter alia, Maurois, op cit, 173.
196 ‘to console themselves’ Maurois, ibid, 269.
196 ‘Trelawny lives with the living’, Maurois, ibid, 268.
196 ‘a half Arab Englishman’, quoted Holmes, op cit, 697.
197 ‘one true love’, Trelawny, quoted John Lauritson ‘Piecing Together Percy’, Gay and Lesbian Humanist, Spring 2001, pinktriangle.org; see also Lauritson, Hellenism and Homoeroticism in Shelley and His Circle, Pagan Press, 2008, and Lauritsen, The Shelley-Byron Men: Lost angels of a ruined paradise, Pagan Press, 2017. www.paganpressbooks.com
190 ‘sea-Sodom’ quoted Tony Tanner, Venice Desired, Harvard University Press, 1992, 24
190 ‘unnatural crime’, see Peter Brent, Great Lives: Lord Byron, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1974, 123
197 ‘Lord Byron and his servant, Robert Rushton’ by George Sanders, 1807-8, Newstead Abbey, Nottinghamshire.
198 ‘I like him’, Byron to his mother, 22 June 1808, quoted Thomas More, The Life of Lord Byron, John Murray, 1844, 88; see also MacCarthy, as below.
198 ‘boasted of his seduction’, see Fiona MacCarthy, Byron: Life and Legend, Hachette, 2014, ebook, unpaginated, Chapter 8 ‘Mediterranean Travels’.
199 ‘Byron’s dog went mad’, Virginia Woolf, Flush, Methuen, 1960, 123.
199 ‘firmest friend’, Inscription, Newstead Abbey.
199 ‘and made up as it suited them’, Maurois, op cit, 251.
199 ‘dogs, monkeys, peacocks’, see ibid, 260.
199 ‘very loose nankeen trousers’, Hogg et al, Vol II, 175-6
199 ‘mystifying metaphysics’, Michael Schmidt, ‘Lives of the Poets’, Independent pamphlet, 2008, drawing on Michael Schmidt, Lives of the Poets, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1998, and The Story of Poetry,Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2007.
200 ‘cloven footed’, Maurois, op cit, 271.
200 ‘One hundred’, Maurois, op cit, 181.
200 ‘Lost Angel’, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Adonaïs, X, l.88, The Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley, op cit, 325.
200 ‘In the water a fin’, Trelawny, Hogg et al, op cit, Vol II, 182.
200 ‘Foul Weather Jack’, see Brent, op cit, 12.
200 ‘saved a girl’, see ibid, 58.
200 ‘Roll on’, Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, Canto IV, Stanza 179, excerpted, Romantic Circles website, accessed 4 May 2017.
201 ‘The great object of life’, Schmidt, op cit.
201 ‘Byron objected violently’, see Trelawny, Hogg et al, op cit, Vol II, 183.
202 ‘I always find the bottom’, Trelawny, ibid, 189.
202 ‘It’s a great temptation’, Trelawny, ibid, 190.
202 ‘true alien’, see Karen Swann, ‘Romanticism and the Insistence of the Aesthetic: Shelley’s Pod People’, Williams College, Romantic Circles website, accessed 29 October 2014 and 21 April 2016.
202 ‘nearly drowned in a canal’, see Holmes, 647.
202 ‘as transparent as the air’, Letter 9, 25 July 1818, Shelley’s Letters to Peacock, Hogg et al, op cit, 396.
202 ‘a deep pool’, Trelawny, Hogg et al, op cit 195.
203 ‘Ariel, to Miranda’, ibid,197.
203 ‘We all feel ‘, Holmes, op cit, 714.
204 ‘I wish I was’, Trelawny, Hogg et al, op cit, 240.
204 ‘his own boat’, see ibid, 203-4.
204 ‘Yet he was good’, Maurois, op cit, 286.
204 ‘There it is again!’ Holmes, op cit, 715.
204 ‘Siete satisfatto?’, ‘Prefatory Memoir’, The Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley, Warne & Co, 1894, xv; also Peacock, Hogg et al, op cit, 356; also Holmes, op cit, 727.
205 ‘seen him walking’, see Holmes, op cit, 726.
205 ‘Shelley had intended’, see Holmes, op cit, 716.
205 ‘a smart sailor lad’ ,Trelawny, Hogg et al, op cit, 207;
205 ‘quick and handy’, ibid, 210.
205 ‘The devil is brewing mischief’, ibid, 215.
205 ‘No’, Holmes, op cit, 729.
206 ‘Later there would be claims’, see Emily W. Sunstein, Mary Shelley: Romance and Reality, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991, 390.
206 ‘The sea, by its restless moaning’, Hogg et al, op cit, 198. I fear I am reminded of Noël Coward walking across Leicester Square with a friend, passing a cinema advertising Michael Redgrave and Dirk Bogarde in The Sea Shall Not Have Them. ‘I don’t see why not’, said Coward, ‘everybody else has’.
206 ‘he’d told Trelawny’, see Hogg et al, op cit, 200.
206 ‘the official report’, Trelawny, Hogg et al, op cit, Vol II Appendix, Report by Domenico Simoncini, 29 August 1822, 301.
207 ‘Let us try’, Trelawny, ibid, 222.
207 ‘The lonely and grand scenery’, ibid, 223.
207 ‘found dead’, Hunt, ii, 105, quoted Swann, Romantic Circles website, op cit.
208 ‘tearing out ‘, Trelawny, Hogg et al, op cit, 223.
208 ‘iron machine’, ibid, 224.
208 ‘a mark of dignity’, ibid, 260.
209 ‘wrote his last poem’, see ibid, 265.
209 ‘Such is this’, see Lord Byron, ‘Last Words on Greece’, quoted
Peter Cochran, blog, ‘Byron’s writings in Greece, 1823-4’.
209 ‘The pain of this’, see Cochran blog, ibid, and Clifton Snider, ‘Homoerotic Poems by Byron’, California State University website, 26 September 2007.
209 ‘longed to cast it off’, see Trelawny, Hogg et al, op cit, 265.
209 ‘I hope this accursed limb’, ibid, 256.
210 ‘scarce half made up’, ibid, 266.
210 ‘he could barely walk’, see ibid, 267.
210 ‘Seeing the land’, Crane, op cit, 309, 320; see also William St Clair, Trelawny, The Incurable Romancer, Vanguard, 1977, 149. While in America, Trelawny also bought the freedom of a slave to demonstrate his distaste for the slave trade.
211 ‘bathing drawers’, see E.M. Forster, quoted Sheila Rowbotham, Edward Carpenter: A Life of Liberty and Love, Verso, 2008, 442. Perhaps predictably, Carpenter also believed that Shelley was bisexual, and that Trelawny had been in love with him. See also Edward Carpenter, My Days and Dream, 1916, Chapter Six, ‘Manual Work and Market Gardening’, quoted Simon Dawson, Edward Carpenter Archive, www.edwardcarpenter.net.
211 ‘Walden Pond’, see Carpenter, My Days and Dream, Chapter Six, ‘Manual Work and Market Gardening’, op cit.
212 ‘North West Passage’, see Tate Britain gallery label, March 2010, Tate website and ‘The North-West Passage’, Wikipedia entry. Millais painted his picture as another expedition to find the passage was under preparation.
211 ‘the abstemious subject protested’, see Crane, op cit, 351.
212 ‘Very Lord Byron’, River Tavy, August 2014.
212 ‘a known aquatic performer’, Caitlin Davies, Downstream, op cit, 288.
213 ‘For the dumb creatures’, Orlando, op cit, 121.
213 ‘remained trapped’, Holmes, op cit, 732.
213 ‘Trelawny had Ariel’s song inscribed’, see Trelawny, Hogg et al, op cit, 203. When Brian Jones of the Rolling Stones drowned in July 1969, Mick Jagger appeared onstage in Hyde Park wearing a dress-like blouse made by Mr Fish (creator of Bowie’s man-dress) and read two stanzas from Shelley’s Adonaïs before releasing several hundred cabbage white butterflies.
213 ‘Edward Onslow Ford’, see David J. Getsy, ‘Hard Realism: The Thanatic Corporeality of Edward Onslow Ford’s Shelley Memorial’, Body Doubles: Sculpture in Britain 1877-1905, Yale University Press, 2004, 202. See also Crane, op cit, 326.
214 ‘said to contain’, see Hebron, Shelley’s Ghost, op cit, 142; also Holmes, op cit, 732.
214 ‘he was like Jesus Christ’, Getsy, op cit, 326.
214 ‘It is as if the restless sea’, Hebron, op cit, 23
214 ‘a slice of turbot’, Josh Pull, ‘Shelly Memorial’ blog, Cherwell magazine online, 22 April 2005, www.cherwell.org.
214 ‘Having made my way’, 27 October 2014.
215 ‘complete with goldfish’, ‘Shelley’s Memorial’, Wikipedia entry. Paul Foot recalls that another kind of class emasculation when ‘plummy’ voiced student rowing crews climbed through the bars and came away with a prize: ‘We’ve got Shelley’s balls!’; Paul Foot, Red Shelley, Sidgwick and Jackson, 1980, 9-10.
215 ‘The dead were no longer’, Denton Welch, A Voice Through a Cloud, John Lehmann/The Right Book Club, 1951, 152.
217 ‘And, deeper than did ever plummet’, The Tempest, Act V, Sc I, 56-57.
217 ‘made one with Nature’, and following, from Adonaïs, stanza xlii, Romantic Verse, op cit, 242.
217 ‘SINCERITY AND ZEAL’, see Anne Wroe, Being Shelley, Jonathan Cape, 2007, 257; also Schmidt, op cit, 11.
217 ‘eternal living stars’, see Donald H. Reiman and Helene Dworzan Reiman, ‘Shelley’s Last Notebook’, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Vol VII, Garland, 1990, 374-5.
217 ‘Shelley remained a haunted man’. With thanks to conversations with Iain Sinclair, Guadalajara, Mexico, 28 November – 1 December 2015.
218 ‘The breath whose might’, Adonaïs, stanza LV, The Poetical Works, op cit, 334. David Copperfield quotes from the poem when he describes Dora as ‘the stay and anchor of my tempest-driven bark’, David Copperfield, op cit, Chapter XXXVIII, 440.


224 ‘Oh no oh no oh no’, 18 July 2013.
225 ‘There’s not much of you’, 19 July 2013.
229 ‘Beacon Cove’, Edward Ernest Morgan, c.1930, Torre Abbey, Torquay.
229 ‘the latest apparatus’, see Arthur Charles Ellis, An Historical Survey of Torquay, self-published, 1931, Brixham Library, 366.
232 ‘Vous êtes un homme’, Paris, 1974.
233 ‘Hope End’, see ‘Hope End: List Entry Summary 1000275’ Historic England website; also Clare de la Torre, blog, 11 April 2012, ‘Hope End’, Tinsmiths’ Cuttings website.
233 ‘possess black blood’, see Wayne Huang, ‘Problems of Autobiography and Fictional Autobiography in Aurora Leigh, The Victorian Web: literature, history and culture in the age of Victoria; see also Julia Markus, Dared and Done: The Marriage of Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning, Knopf, 1995; also interview in Ebony magazine, May 1995, 96-98; and David Arnold, ‘Elizabeth Barrett Was Part Black’ Boston Globe, 13 February 1995, www.victorianweb.org, www.sfgate.com.
233 ‘perfect exquisition’, Margaret Forster, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Chatto & Windus, 1988, 69.
234 ‘spine crib’, ibid, 25.
234 ‘the sublimest’, 464, Elizabeth Barrett to Julia Martin, Brownings’ Correspondence online, www.browningscorrespondence.com, 3, 48-50, 28 August 1832. Elizabeth Barrett Browning was a brilliant and prolific letter-writer. There are two excellent and comprehensive resources for her correspondence: the Brownings’ Correspondence, as above, and Baylor University’s ‘Baylor: The Browning Letters’, digitalcollections.baylor.edu.
234 ‘the grandeur is concentrated’, 489, Elizabeth Barrett to Ann Rachel Commeline, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 3, 102-103, 14 September 1834.
234 ‘nearly died’, Elizabeth Barrett to Hugh Stuart Boyd, c. October 1835 Sidmouth, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 3, 147-149.
234 ‘I once saw’, Petite Rivière de Nippes, Haiti, 8 May 2015.
235 ‘the North Pole’, see 658, Elizabeth Barrett to Lady Margaret Cocks, Browning Correspondence online, 4, 70-71.
235 ‘oceanic reputation’, 484, Elizabeth Barrett to Hugh Stuart Boyd, 30 May 1834, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 3, 91-93.
235 ‘not of a whale’. In the spring of 2017, a young humpback whale was regularly seen off Berry Head, and along the South Devon coast.
235 ‘the loveliest sea’, Ellis, An Historical Survey of Torquay, op cit, 364 n
235 ‘Here, we are’, Elizabeth Barrett to Miss Mitford, 10 October 1838, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 4, 98-100.
235 ‘Our house here’, Elizabeth Barrett to Mary Minto, 17 January 1839, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 4, 117-118.
236 ‘through the wall’, The Saturday Magazine, Vol 16, 23 May 1840, 193-4.
236 ‘My love of water’, 479, Elizabeth Barrett to Julia Martin, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 3, 80-82, 27 May 1833; Moulton-Barrett, Browning Correspondence online, 4, 2339-340, 15 September 1838; 693, Elizabeth Barrett to Hugh Stuart Boyd, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 4, 150-152, 21 May 1839; Elizabeth Barrett to Mary Russell Mitford, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 4, 153-154, 23 May 1839.
236 ‘taken a great dislike for Southampton’, Arabella Moulton-Barrett to Samuel Moulton-Barrett, 1 July 1839, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 4, 353-354.
236 ‘expressly advised against’, see Henrietta Moulton-Barrett to Samuel Moulton-Barrett, 14/15 July 1839, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 4, 354-355.
236 ‘as to its human aspect’, Elizabeth Barrett to Mary Minto, 17 January 1839, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 4, 117-118.
236 ‘very beautiful silver remember’, 26 March 1825; see Martin Garrett, editor, A Browning Chronology: Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning, Palgrave/Macmillan, 2000, 10.
237 ‘lost faith in the sea’, see Forster, op cit, 30.
237 ‘Opium – opium’, ibid, 97.
237 ‘went sailing’, see Simon Avery, Rebecca Stott, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Longman, 2003, 88; see also Ellis, An Historical Survey of Torquay, op cit, 364 n.
237 ‘sailing under a heavy press’, North Devon Journal, 23 July 1840; ‘Accident and Offences’, The Tablet, 25 July 1840.
237 ‘he had left me!’, Elizabeth Barrett to Robert Browning, 25 August 1845, Browning Letters, Smith, Elder, 1900, Vol. I, 1845-186, Gutenberg.org.
238 ‘Fatal Catastrophe’, Woolmer’s Exeter and Plymouth Gazette, 18 July 1840; also Miss Mitford, Browning Letters, Vol I, 268-270, quoted Report and Transactions of the Devonshire Association for the Advancement of Science, Literature, and Arts, 1877, Vol 9, 354-5.
238 ‘Captain Clarke’s corpse’, see North Devon Journal, 23 July 1840; see also Ellis, An Historical Survey of Torquay, op cit, 364 n.
238 ‘On being examined’, Isabel C Clarke, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Hutchinson, 1929, 33; see also Western Times, 8 August 1840.
239 ‘from this dreadful dreadful’, Elizabeth Barrett to Mary Russell Mitford, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 4, 297. Elizabeth Barrett wrote that Bro’s loss ‘gave a nightmare to my life’, Brownings’ Correspondence online, Vol VII, 352-357, Elizabeth Barrett to Richard Hengist Horne, 5 Oct 1843.
239 ‘Elizabeth on a balcony’, see illustration in Clever Girls of Our Time, 1862.
239 ‘The associations’, Elizabeth Barrett to Hugh Stuart Boyd, 31 August 1841, Browning Letters, Baylor University website.
239 ‘pang by pang’, ‘Some Account of the Greek Christian Poets’, Athenaeum, 26 February 1842, Elizabeth Barrett Browning Project, The University of North Dakota website.
239 ‘Faint and dim’, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, ‘The Vision of Poets’, University of Adelaide e-book.
239 ‘I cannot look’, Elizabeth Barrett to David & Eliza Anne Ogilvy, 13 July 1850, the Brownings’ Correspondence, 16, 162-166. She also wrote, ‘That was a very near escape from madness’; see Simon Avery, Rebecca Stott, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, 88, Elizabeth Barrett to John Ruskin, 5 November 1855, Frederic G. Kenyon, editor, The Letters of Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Macmillan, 1897, Vol II, babel.hathitrust.org.
239 ‘to own some purer lineage’, Elizabeth Barrett to Robert Browning, Hayter, op cit, 124. In Torquay, soon after Bro’s death, their father received ‘a mysterious letter’ from a former slave, also named Edward Barrett – slaves often took their owner’s surnames, to underline their possession – but in the records, only the envelope appears to remain, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 16 September 1840, Supporting Document, 1134.
240 ‘Of delicate features’, Aurora Leigh, Book 1, 201, Penguin, 1995, 6; Clarke, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, op cit, 85.
240 ‘The truth is’, Frederic G. Kenyon, editor, The Letters of Elizabeth Barrett Browning, op cit, to Miss E.F. Haworth, July 1847.
240 ‘Cut me anywhere’, Lee, 497, quoting Anne Oliver Bell & Andrew McNeillie, editors, The Diary of Virginia Woolf, Vol II, Hogarth Press, 1978, op cit, 9 Feb 1924, 291.
240 ‘dognappers’ – in David Copperfield, Dora’s dog Jip is also dognapped, and returned; op cit, Chapter XXXVIII, 454.
240 ‘as hairy as Faunus’, ‘Flush or Faunus’, Aurora Leigh, op cit, 375.
240 ‘Was she no longer’, Virginia Woolf, Flush, Methuen 1960, 31.
240 ‘Woolf would claim’, see Virginia Woolf, The Common Reader, 208, quoted Alethea Hayer, Mrs Browning: A Poet’s Work and its Setting, Faber, 1962, 19.
241 ‘Religious hermits’, Elizabeth Barrett to Robert Browning, Hayter, ibid, 21.
241 ‘I am Cassandra’, Elizabeth Barrett to Miss Mitford, 25 March, Hayter, ibid, 214.
241 ‘Elizabeth Barrett Browning’, engraving by T.O. Barlow, London, 1859, of photograph taken by Louis Cyrus Macaire and Jean Victor Macaire-Warnod, Le Hâvre, 18 September 1858.
242 ‘a strange meeting’, see Aurora Leigh, op cit, n 500.
242 ‘In undertone’, and following, ‘The Runaway Slave at Pilgrim’s Point’, XXIII, l.157, 161, Aurora Leigh, op cit, 370.
242 ‘deathly odour’, Hayter, op cit, 27.
242 ‘Splendid and Powerful’, Hampshire Independent, Saturday 19 September 1846.
242 ‘inasmuch as people’, Elizabeth Barrett to Arabella Moulton-Barrett, 15-17 April 1848, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 15, 52-61.
242 ‘and delivered him’, Elizabeth Barrett to Arabella Moulon-Barrett, 26 September 1846, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 14, 8-12; 186.
243 ‘Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Robert (Pen) Browning by Fratelli d’Alessandri, Rome, June 1860.
243 ‘If you put him’, quoted Forster, op cit, 248.
243 ‘resembled a girl’, Mary Russell Mitford to Charles Boner 22 February 1847, Brownings’ Correspondence online,14, 369-370.
244 ‘I am small and black’, quoted Julia Markus, Ebony magazine, May 1995.
244 ‘William Michael Rossetti’, see Hayter, op cit, 234.
244 ‘When I look in the glass’, Elizabeth Barrett to Eliza Anne Ogilvy, 28 August 1850, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 16, 179-182.
244 ‘that pale, small person’, Nathaniel Hawthorne, French and Italian Notebooks, Vol II, Osgood, Boston, 1876, 13.
244 ‘in Petrarch’s name’, Elizabeth Barrett Browning to Mr Westwood, 10 March 1847, Letters of Mrs Browning, Macmillan, 1899, 323; Woolf, Flush, op cit, 77.
244 ‘intensely modern’, quoted Forster, op cit, 279.
244 ‘overburned’ suns’, Aurora Leigh, op cit, Second Book, 938, 59
244 ‘marine sub-transatlantic railroads’, ibid, Second Book, 1073-4, Penguin, 1995, 62; First Book, 838, 24; Second Book, 301, 41.
244 ‘than in a Fourier-machine’, ibid, Notes, 475.
245 ‘of factories and of slaves’, Aurora Leigh, Book 2, 195-8, Penguin, 1995, 38
‘the bitter sea’, First Book, 235-6, 7.
245 ‘…some hard swimming’, ibid, University of Chicago Press edition, 1992, 26.
245 ‘all my Penini’s pretty dresses’, quoted Forster, op cit, 300.
245 ‘much the greatest work’, Oscar Wilde to William Ward, 26 July 1876, Merlin Holland & Rupert Hart-Davis, The Complete Letters of Oscar Wilde, Fourth Estate, 2000, 26; Oscar Wilde to William Ward, 28 August 1876, ibid, 31.
245 ‘a sort of cage-bird’, Forster, op cit, 305-6, 9.
245 ‘an eldritch bird’, see Hayer, op cit, 164.
245 ‘We are sepulchred alive’, Aurora Leigh, Penguin edition op cit, Fifth Book, l.1039, 166
245 ‘She said with her peculiar smile’, Elizabeth Barrett Browning to Eliza Anne Ogilvy, 28 August 1850, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 16, 179-182.
246 ‘At flood-tide’, Henry David Thoreau to Ralph Waldo Emerson, 25 July 1850, The Writings of Henry David Thoreau, Houghton Mifflin, 1906, Vol VI, 1. See also Philip McFarland, Hawthorne in Concord, 170-171.
246 ‘In sight of shore’, Elizabeth Barrett Browning to Eliza Anne Ogilvy, 28 August 1850, Brownings’ Correspondence online, 16, 179-182.
246 ‘the sea, that blue end’, Aurora Leigh, op cit, Third Book, 950-951.
246 ‘We have come here’, Elizabeth Barrett Browning to Anne Braun, 10 August 1858, Letters of Mrs Browning, Vol 11; see also ‘Baylor: The Browning Letters’, website, digitalcollections.baylor.edu.
247 ‘a hole I can creep’, Elizabeth Barrett Browning to Mrs Jameson, 24 July 1858, Letters of Mrs Browning, op cit.
247 ‘We bathe & get strength’, Elizabeth Barrett Browning to Anna Brownell Jameson, 10 August 1858, ‘Baylor: The Browning Letters’, op cit.
247 ‘You did right not to wait’, Robert Browning to his sister, June 1861, Peter Washington, editor, Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Borzoi/Knopf, 2003; Poems, 247; Forster, op cit, 366.
247 ‘hung overhead’, Herman Melville, Billy Budd, Sailor, and other stories, Penguin, 1981, 220.
249 ‘Are there beautiful people’, Oscar Wilde to Robert Ross, c.18 December 1892, Complete Letters, op cit, 541-2.
249 ‘sometimes heretical’, Oscar Wilde to William Ward, 26 July 1876, ibid, 27.
250 ‘on a tour of America’, see Friedman, Wilde in America, op cit.
250 ‘But today the sea’, Oscar Wilde to Frances Forbes-Robertson, c.23 February 1893, Complete Letters, op cit, 555.
250 ‘NEW YORK.- A SCENE AT LONG BEACH, THE NEW AND POPULAR SEASIDE RESORT. – From a sketch by a staff artist’, Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, v.54, 12 August 1882.
251 ‘Bosie’, Oscar Wilde to Lord Alfred Douglas, [March 1893], Complete Letters, op cit, 559.
251 ‘doing nothing’, quoted Barbara Belford, Oscar Wilde: A Certain Genius, Bloomsbury, 2001, 236.
251 ‘Viking-like and daring’, Oscar Wilde to Lord Alfred Douglas, 13 August 1894, Complete Letters, op cit, 602.
251 ‘In one hour’, Frank Harris, Oscar Wilde, His Life and Confessions, published by the author, New York 1916, Vol 1, 293-4, www.gutenberg.org.
252 ‘With us, time’, Oscar Wilde, De Profundis, edited by Vyvyan Hollan, Methuen, 1949, 64.
252 ‘a strange longing’, ibid, 144.
252 ‘breasting the waves,’ R.H. Sherard Oscar Wilde, Greening & Co, 1905, 233-4. Wilde described Sherard as ‘that bravest and most chivalrous of all brilliant beings’, De Profundis, op cit, 58.
252 ‘a little chalet ‘, see Oscar Wilde to Robert Ross, 31 May 1897, Complete Letters, op cit, 869. Wilde’s version of Thoreau’s hut – where he would be ‘lord of my own maimed life’ (Oscar Wilde to Dalhousie Young, 5 June 1897, ibid, 882) was to cost £500. Berneval’s beach huts were washed away in a storm in 1915. A nuclear power station now stands overlooking the site. See Padraig Rooney, ‘Feasting with cubs: Wilde at Bernval’, Journal of Irish Studies, padraigrooney.com.

Wilde’s Chalet – from Feasting with Cubs

253 ‘Thursday 3 June’, Oscar Wilde to Robert Ross, 3 June 1897, Complete Letters, op cit, 877.
253 ‘A map of the world’, Oscar Wilde, The Soul of Man Under Socialism, G.F. Maine, editor, The Works of Oscar Wilde, Collins, 1948, 1028.
253 ‘washed away’, see Oscar Wilde to Mrs Bernard Beere, 2 June 1897, Complete Letters, op cit, 875.
253 ‘It has probably’, Oscar Wilde to Robert Ross, 31 May 1897, ibid, 866.
253 ‘the strange beauty’ Oscar Wilde to Lord Alfred Douglas, 6 June 1897, Complete Letters, op cit, 886
253 ‘The sea’, Rossetti’s poem quoted in Complete Letters, op cit, n886
253 ‘Yesterday I attended Mass’, Oscar Wilde to Robbie Ross, 31 May 1897, quoted Harris, op cit, Vol II, 378; also Complete Letters, 866-867. Wilde went on to write of ‘the green-haired following of Glaucus’ the Prospero-like sea-god whom Keats’ Endymion meets in the ‘deep, deep water-world’, Endymion, Book III, line 101.
253 ‘a bathing suit ready’, see Oscar Wilde to Lord Alfred Douglas, 16 June 1897, Complete Letters, op cit, 899.


258 ‘Christabel Coleridge’, see Jon Stallworthy, Wilfred Owen, Oxford University Press/Chatto & Windus, 1974, 52. The book was The Golden Book of Coleridge, signed on 10 August 1910.
258 ‘one soul’, quoted Emily W. Sunstein, Mary Shelley: Romance and Reality, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991, 99; see also Holmes, op cit, 286.
258 ‘amphibious’, see Stallworthy, op cit, 87.
259 ‘the wide sea’, quoted ibid, 87.
259 ‘Eternally may sad waves’, Jon Stallworthy, editor, The Collected Poems and Fragments of Wilfred Owen, Oxford University Press, 1984, 8
259 ‘in love with a youth’, ibid, 87-8.
259 ‘right into’, Stallworthy, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 57. For Rossetti, see, Karen Swann, ‘Shelley’s Pod People’, Romantic Circles website, www.rc.umd.edu.
259 ‘The whole day’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, August 1910, Harold Owen and John Bell, editors, Collected Letters of Wilfred Owen, 61.
260 ‘a lithe aptitude for the water’, Harold Owen, Journey from Obscurity: Memoirs of the Owen Family, Vol I, Oxford University Press, 1964, 55.
261 ‘he defied them’, ibid, 69.
261 ‘In another eerie incident’, ibid, 82.
261 ‘in some way different’, see ibid, 92.
262 ‘the old wolf’, see ibid, 188.
262 ‘We bathe here every day’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 2 July 1912, Collected Letters, op cit, 147.
262 ‘by Turner’, see Wilfred Owen to Harold Owen, June 1911, Collected Letters, op cit, 74.
262 ‘a cipher’, Elspeth Probyn, Eating the Ocean, Duke University Press, 2016, 113
262 ‘exceeding deep’, Wilfred Owen, ‘The Little Mermaid’, Collected Poems, op cit, 17, 20. Compare with Wilde on Endymion, as above, 253.
262 ‘gulphing’, Endymion, Book III, 206, 247, 345.
262 ‘Ionian shoals’, ibid, Book I, 310-311.
262 ‘That summer’, see Harold Owen, Journey from Obscurity, op cit, Vol I, 189.
263 ‘Ralph Stockman Tarr’, Obituary, journals.cambridge.org,286. Tarr’s ancestor Richard Tarr stood bail for two women, Margaret Prince and Elizabeth Dicer, accused of witchcraft at Salem (the latter was his mother-in-law); see Rebecca Beatric Brooks, ‘The Accused Witches of Gloucester’, History of Massachusetts website, 6 February 2012. The girl with Russell was his sister Catherine. The other boy is presumably the unnamed youth mentioned in Owen’s letter to Susan Owen, April 1911, below, 267.
263 ‘The Tarrs were rich’, see Owen, Journey from Obscurity, op cit, Vol I, 190.
263 ‘This American boy’, ibid, 196. Born 25 April 1893, Russell (sometimes spelt as Russel) was a freshman at Harvard by March 1912; his notebooks, chronicling his father’s expeditions, are at Cornell. His father, Ralph, died that year from a heart attack, aged forty-eight. Russell served in the First World War with the US Army’s 29th Engineers Sound and Flashing Division. He moved to Tulsa, Oklahoma after the war, and pursued a career as a geologist, like his father, and went on to become an army major during the Second World War, working in Washington in with the US Air Corps Intelligence Strategic Bombing Corps. He died in Tulsa, Oklahoma on 23 May 1979, survived by his wife, Irene and his sister, Catherine Tarr Edmunds; Ray Constant, obituary of Russell Story Tarr, Tulsa Oklahoma, 14 December 1979; American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, June 1980. My thanks to John Gullett for discovering some of this information, and to Robert Tarr Edmunds for providing this photograph of Russell Tarr, during his First World War service.

263 ‘Russell would dive’, see ibid, 190.
263 ‘Claude Grahame-White’, see photographs and ephemera on display at Torre Abbey, Torquay.
264 ‘engines of war’, The Times, 28 July 1910.
265 ‘like a salmon among minnows’, ‘The King And His Fleet’, The Times, 27 July 1910.
265 ‘Territorial troops training’, see The Times, 28 July 1910.
265 ‘it must not be forgotten’, ibid.
265 ‘He made a particularly pretty’, ibid.
267 ‘That night’, see Harold Owen, Journey from Obscurity, op cit, Vol I, 198
267 ‘You know, don’t you’, Alphonse Daudet Lettres de mon Moulin, quoted Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, Torquay April 1911, Collected Letters, op cit, 69.
268 ‘three-speed Sturmey-Archer’, see Harold Owen, Journey from Obscurity, op cit, Vol III, 21
268 ‘Wilfred’s swallows’, see ibid, 160
268 ‘Airily sweeping’, Jon Stallworthy, editor, Wilfred Owen: The complete poems and fragments, Chatto & Windus / Hogarth Press / Oxford University Press, 1983, Vol II, 239
268 ‘he was excited to learn’, Wilfred Owen to Mary Owen, January 1912, Collected Letters, op cit, 106.
269 ‘mining lad’, Complete Poems, op cit, Vol I, 78.
269 ‘tho’ pricked’, quoted Dominic Hibberd, Wilfred Owen: A New Biography, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2002, 87.
270 ‘drunk on Ruskin’, Dominic Hibberd, ‘Wilfred Owen’s Letters: Some Additions, Amendments and Notes’, The Library, s6-IV (3) 1982, 287.
270 ‘about human lives’, see Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, 88.
270 ‘fast, eccentric, lone’, ‘O World of Many Worlds’, 48.
270 ‘an earlier letter’, Wilfred Owen to Colin Owen, 26 September 1911, Collected Letters, op cit, 87.
271 ‘Sudden twilight’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 14 August 1912, Collected Letters, op cit, 153-4.
271 ‘why have so many poets’, A6, Box 33, Wilfred Owen Collection, English Faculty Library/The Bodleian Library, Oxford.
271 ‘a marble statue’, quoted Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 90.
271 ‘All ears’, Collected Poems, op cit, Vol 1, 79.
271 ‘a family reading of The Tempest’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 25 September 1911, Collected Letters, op cit, 85; Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 9 September 1912, ibid, 159; Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 90.
271 ‘high in the Western sky’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 9 Sept 1912, Collected Letters, op cit, 159.
272 ‘the rise of such’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 26 April 1913, Collected Letters, op cit, 187.
272 ‘verray’, 185, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, April, 1913, Collected Letters, op cit, 184.
272 ‘How melancholy-happy’, 185, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 26 April 1913, Collected Letters, op cit, 186, quoting Keats’ ‘Epistle to John Hamilton Reynolds’.
272 ‘badly needed’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 24 May 1914, Collected Letters, op cit, 253.
273 ‘green suit’, see Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 8 August 1917, Collected Letters, op cit, 481.
273 Wilfred was introduced’, see Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 8 August 1917, Collected Letters, op cit, 480.
273 ‘beautiful gesture’, quoted Hibbert, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 137.
273 ‘an enchanting stretch of water’, Wilfred Owen to Colin Owen, 10 August 1914, Collected Letters, op cit, 275.
274 ‘Boys / Breaking the surface’, ‘From My Diary, July 1914’, Collected Poems, op cit, 97.
274 ‘I like to think’, 281, Wilfred Owen to Colin Owen, 10 August 1914, Collected Letters, op cit, 274.
275 ‘godlike youth’, 159, 301, Collected Poems, 160.
275 ‘moons and lamps’, Jon Stallworthy, editor, The Poems of Wilfred Owen, Chatto & Windus, 1990, 160 & n.
275 ‘Like the sleepy tide’, Complete Poems, op cit, 361.
275 ‘To turn’, Rupert Brooke, ‘Peace’, (April 1915), Poetry Foundation website.
275 ‘I have made soundings’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 6 February 1915, Collected Letters, op cit, 320.
276 ‘Note I wear’, 426, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 2 April 1916, Collected Letters, op cit, 387.
276 ‘clad in khaki slacks’, Harold Owen, Journey from Obscurity, op cit, Vol III, 151; Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 176, 197.
277 ‘desperate nuts’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 21 February 1917, Collected Letters, op cit, 437.
277 ‘soldierly moustache’, Harold Owen, Journey from Obscurity, op cit, Vol III, 155.
277 ‘his name was in print’, see The Times, 8 June 1916.
278 ‘I am marooned’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 19 June 1916, Collected Letters, op cit, 395.
278 ‘a solitary, mysterious kind of boy’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, Aug 1916, Collected Letters, op cit, 402-3.
278 ‘By Hermes I shall fly’, Stallworthy, 144, Collected Letters, op cit, 456 to SO, 27 August 1916, ibid, 408.
278 ‘The beast looked frightened somehow’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 2 April 1916, Collected Letters, op cit, 388.
278 ‘Lament for Icarus’, see Jacob E. Nyenhuis, Myth and the Creative Process: Michael Ayrton and the Myth of Daedalus, Wayne State University Press, 2003, 54. There is a reproduction of Draper’s painting preserved in Owen’s papers at Oxford.
279 ‘Betimes I have’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 2 August 1915, Collected Letters, op cit, 353.
279 ‘most unsatisfactory sea-side’, 463, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 21 October 1916, Collected Letters, op cit, 412; Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 198
279 ‘how I miss my morning bathe’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 17 August 1910, Collected Letters, op cit, 63.
279 ‘the days when’, 492, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 4 March 1917, Collected Letters, op cit, 441.
280 ‘and this very day’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 10 January 1917, Collected Letters, op cit, 426; quoted Stallworthy, Wilfred Owen, op cit (1974), 155.
280 ‘an octopus of sucking clay’, 210; Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, quoted Stallworthy, Wilfred Owen, op cit (1974), 156.
280 ‘transformed now’, 479, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 10 Jan 1917, Collected Letters, op cit, 426; Jane Potter, Wilfred Owen: An Illustrated Life, The Bodleian Library, 2014, 71
280 ‘a brass diving helmet’, see Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 19 January 1917, Collected Letters, op cit, 428.
280 ‘When something floats up’, Aurora Leigh, Penguin edition op cit, Sixth Book, l.237-8, p.180.
281 ‘See the earth’, quoted Stallworthy, Wilfred Owen, op cit (1974), 173.
281 ‘having listened so’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 8 August 1917, Collected Letters, op cit, 480; see also Sven Backman, University of Lund, ‘Wilfred Owen and Elizabeth Barrett Browning’, Studia Neophologica, Vol 49, Issue 1, 1977
281 ‘sploshing in the flood’, quoted Collected Poems, op cit, 165, Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 214.
282 ‘I nearly broke down’, quoted Collected Poems, op cit, 166.
282 ‘Hideous landscapes’, Collected Letters, op cit, 431; quoted Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 222.
282 ‘It boiled and bled’, see To the Lighthouse, op cit,153
282 ‘the price of a talismanic caul increased’, see Crawford-Mowday, ‘Caul: A Sailor’s Charm’, Pitt-Rivers Museum website, op cit.
282 ‘processed into nitroglycerine’, see D. Graham Burnett, Sounding the Whale, University of Chicago Press, 2012, 92 n: ‘without whale oil the Government would have been unable to carry out both its food and munition campaigns’. See also Michael Freemantle, The Chemists’ War, 1914-1918, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2014, 135.
283 ‘essentially acquisitive’, Siegfried Sassoon, The Complete Memoirs of George Sherston, Faber & Faber, 1949, 475.
283 ‘Virginia Woolf recorded’, Lee, op cit, 350, quoting The Diary of Virginia Woolf, Vol I, 14 December 1917.
283 ‘an ecstasy of fumbling’, ‘Dulce et Decorum Est’, Collected Poems, 117.
283 ‘to be shaky and tremulous’, quoted Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 242.
283 ‘I seem to be in’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 12 June 1917, Selected Letters, 254.
284 ‘This is the kind of Paradise’, Wilfred Owen to Colin Owen, 12 June 1917, Box 35, Wilfred Owen Collection, English Faculty Library/The Bodleian Library, Oxford.
284 ‘We are on Southampton Water’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 17 June 1917, Selected Letters, op cit, 255.
284 ‘We are reverting to primitive ways’, unsourced newspaper clipping, ‘Huts of Healing – The Little Wooden Town’, collection of Mrs Bowden, Netley Heritage Group Archive, www.netley-military-cemetary.co.uk.
285 ‘This place is very boring’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 22 June 1917, Collected Letters, op cit, 471.
285 ‘chiefly by swimming’, 3 August 1917, John Bell, editor, Wilfred Owen: Selected Letters, Oxford University Press, 1985, 264; Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 3 August 1917, Collected Letters, op cit, 479.
286 ‘comeliness’, quoted Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 273.
286 ‘just where the wet skin glistened’, ‘Beauty’, The Poems of Wilfred Owen, Chatto & Windus, 1985, 180; see also D.S.R. Welland, Wilfred Owen: A Critical Study, Chatto & Windus, 1960, 46.
286 ‘making strange gestures, Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 272.
286 ‘little Owen’, ibid, 264, 282.
287 ‘And you have fixed my life’, quoted Collected Poems, 49.
287 ‘one of the ones’, Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 283. During his London leave, Owen took a room above Ross’s.
287 ‘on the civilian conscience’, ibid, 137.
287 ‘running a ghastly’, Owen, Journey from Obscurity, Vol III, op cit, 1965, 131.
288 ‘major domo’, Stallworthy, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 174
288 ‘little gods’ and ‘youthful mariners’, ‘The Rime of the Youthful Mariner’ and ‘The God of Canongate’, Collected Poems, 108, 109.
288 ‘the aberration’, Sherard, Oscar Wilde, op cit, 10.
288 ‘the low sly lives’, Collected Poems, 112.
288 ‘Sweet is your antique body’, Complete Poems, op cit, Vol II, 521.
288 ‘boy actor’, see Philip Hoare, Noël Coward: A Biography, Sinclair-Stevenson, 1995, 70-71. Coward, who had been conducting a relationship with the thirty-five year old artist Philip Streatfeild, a follower of Henry Scott Tuke, had written a youthful novel called Cherry Pan, and was compared by Ethel Mannin to a satyr, ‘one of those early Roman satyrs who suggest mischievousness…’ (as above).
289 ‘a mixed being’, Redburn, op cit, 335.
290 ‘Clothing: sparse’, 518, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 6 June 1917, Collected Letters, op cit, 467; also Stallworthy, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 186.
290 ‘tawny, rather sanguine’, Stallworthy, ibid, 263, Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 314-5, quoting Osbert Sitwell, Noble Essences, Macmillan, 1950,103-4.
290 ‘I am a poet’s poet’, Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 294
290 ‘horrible’, ‘repugnant’, ‘revolting’, see Owen, Journey from Obscurity, op cit, Vol III, 165.
290 ‘I am rather weary now’, Wilfred Owen to Mary Owen, 29 May 1918, Selected Letters, op cit, 330-331.
291 ‘I’m not from round here, mate’, passerby to Philip Hoare, 24 October 2015.
291 ‘But these are not Lines’, Wilfred Owen to Siegfried Sassoon, 1 September 1918, Collected Letters, op cit, 571; Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 331, 333.
292 ‘I sit upon the sands’, Percy Bysshe Shelley, ‘Stanzas written in dejection, near Naples’: ‘The sun is warm, the sky is clear | The waves are dancing fast and clear’; ‘I see the waves upon the shore | Like light dissolved in star-showers, thrown | I sit upon the sands alone, – | The lightning of the noontide ocean | Is flashing around me…’ Romantic Verse, op cit, 243.
292 ‘my last hours’, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 31 August 1918, Collected Letters, op cit, 570.
292 ‘Moreover there issued’, Wilfred Owen to Siegfried Sassoon, 1 September 1918, Collected Letters, op cit, 571; Hibberd, 331, 333
292 ‘navy boy’, ‘It was a navy boy’, The Poems of Wilfred Owen, op cit, 56-57.
292 ‘I came out’, 662, Wilfred Owen to Susan Owen, 4 October 1918, Collected Letters, op cit, 580.
294 ‘the end of the world’, ‘Spring Offensive’, The Poems of Wilfred Owen, op cit, 169-170.
295 ‘Little Jones’, Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 353.
295 ‘the boy by my side’, Jane Potter, Wilfred Owen: An Illustrated Life, op cit, 101, quoting Selected Letters, op cit, 352.
295 ‘seraphic’, Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 352
295 ‘considerable losses’, see Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 349. Jane Potter has the phrase as ‘terrible losses’ (102). In his earlier edition, Harold Owen had replaced it with the phrase, ‘took a number of prisoners’; Hibberd, Wilfred Owen, op cit, 350.
296 ‘their sappers flooded’, see Major-General Archibald Montgomery, The Story of the Fourth Army, Hodder & Stoughton, 1920, 242.


302 ‘grew out of the sailor’s’, ‘The Sailors’ Zoo’, The Times, 2 October 1935; see also www.sussexhistoryforum.co.uk, www.memorials.inportsmouth.co.uk
303 ‘it really is kindest’, quoted Alison Feeney-Hart, ‘The little-known story of the massive WWII pet cull’, BBC news magazine online, 12 October 2013, reporting on Clare Campbell, Bonzo’s War: Animals Under Fire, 1939-1945, Constable & Robinson, 2014.
304 ‘Peter, my archaeologist friend’, Peter Wilson to Philip Hoare, Mary Rose, 30 January 2014.
305 ‘It’s two hundred’, HMS Victory, 2 August 2013.
306 ‘plucked by Selim III’, Robert Southey, Life of Nelson, Charles H. Kelly, c.1918, 134.
306 ‘plume of triumph’, quoted Terry Coleman, The Nelson Touch: The Life and Legend of Horatio Nelson, Oxford University Press, 2002, 178-179; Colin White The Nelson Encyclopaedia, Duckworth, 2002, 113.
306 ‘covered with stars’, Peter Padfield, Nelson’s War, Wordsworth Military Library, 1976, 135.
307 ‘Devis, an enormously successful’, see Stephen Whittle, ‘Devis, Arthur William (1762-1822)’, online edition May 2007.
307 ‘They have done for me’, Coleman, op cit, 321.
309 ‘a dismal light’, Charles Dickens, ‘A Christmas Carol’, The Platt & Peck Company, 1905, 21, Gutenberg.org.
309 ‘like a sick man in a Prison Hole’, DNB entry, op cit.
311 ‘What are they made of?’ Horatio Morpurgo, HMS Victory, 2 August 2013.
311 ‘Thesus’s ship’, ‘Ship of Thesus’ entry, Wikipedia; also Plutarch, translated John Dryden, Thesus, www.classics.mit.edu; also Joe Moran, ‘I love you, I love you, I love you’, The Guardian, 13 February 2016.
311 ‘dockyard buildings burned’ – see Richard Eurich’s painting ‘Night Raid on Portsmouth Docks’, (1941) Tate Britain.
312 ‘another plaque’, on Brownsea Island; see also Patrick Barkham, ‘The plight of Britain’s ancient trees’, The Guardian, 22 July 2009.
312 ‘the inscrutable riverward street’, Henry James, quoted Peter Ackroyd, Charles Dickens, Sinclair-Stevenson, 1990, 259.
312 ‘Bath Square’, see painting by E.W. Cooke, 1860, historyinportsmouth.co.uk; also ‘Quebec Hotel’, britishlistedbuildings.co.uk.
313 ‘passed the famous’, Herman Melville’s journal, 25 December 1849, quoted Leyda, op cit, 354.
313 ‘this would not prevent an enterprising sailor’, Mrs Heather Johnson, Archives Collection Officer, HMS Victory, email to Philip Hoare, 21 November 2015
313 ‘impregnable in his’, Moby-Dick, (1983) op cit, 41
313 ‘like that silver’, ibid, 71.
313 ‘elude the populace’, Southey, op cit, 258.
313 ‘for the people’, ibid, 259; see also Coleman, op cit, 315, and Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas, The Dispatches and Letters of Lord Nelson, Vol VII, 35, Saturday 14 September 1805, nelson.society.com.
314 ‘wore that day’, Southey, op cit, 267.
314 ‘a sort of priestly motive’, Herman Melville, Billy Budd, op cit, 336.
314 ‘an ornate publication of his person’, ibid, 335.
314 ‘flinging a fourpenny’, Leyda, op cit, 329.
314 ‘cabins’, see Illustrated London News, Vol XLVI, 22 April 1865.
315 ‘an old pensioner’, Billy Budd, op cit, 344.
315 ‘all kinds of tradesmen’, see ‘Americans at Trafalgar’, post, 6 November 2011, worldnavalships.com.
315 ‘In a photograph’, John Havers, ‘Greenwich Pensioners’, 1854, acquired by Prince Albert, The Royal Collection, RCIM 2906158, royalcollection.org.
315 ‘Records indicate’, see Greenwich Hospital records, 1790-1865, National Archives, ADM 73.
315 ‘Pensioners in palaces!’ Herman Melville’s journal, 21 November 1849, Leyda, op cit, 336; see also Melville’s full journal online at andromeda.rutgers.edu.
316 ‘completely and adorned’, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Our Old Home; A Series of English Sketches, James Osgood, Boston, 1871, 271-2, eldritchpress.org.
316 ‘lest the sailors’, The Diary of Virginia Woolf, Vol III, op cit, 27 March 1926, 72; see also ‘Crying Over Nelson’, Diary 1926, Travis Elborough & Nick Rennison, editors, A London Year, Frances Lincoln, 2013, 158.
317 ‘some spiritualistic ghost’, Denton Welch A Voice Through a Cloud, Readers Union/John Lehmann, 1951, 77.
318 ‘riding over the river’, see Denton Welch, ‘A Novel Fragment’, Michael De-la-Noy, editor, Fragments of a Life Story: The Collected Short Writings of Denton Welch, Penguin, 1987, 253.
318 ‘running away’, quoted Peter Ackroyd, Dickens, Sinclair Stevenson, 1990, 68.
318 ‘among the most splendid ‘, David Watkin, English Architecture, Thames & Hudson, 1985, 113.
318 ‘Which hope we share’, see Hebrews 6: 13-20.
319 ‘to see the waste of the years’, To the Lighthouse, op cit, 42.
320 ‘Yonder is the sea’, and following, The Times, 10 January 1806.
320 ‘mere trick’, Morning Herald, quoted Coleman, op cit, 334.
‘mere gratification’, The Times, 31 March 1809
321 ‘The spiritual form’, see ‘William Blake: The Spiritual Form of Nelson Guiding Leviathan’, tate.org.uk.
322 ‘wonderful large fish’, see ‘Wonderful Large Fish’, thamespilot.org.uk.
322 ‘when suddenly’, Illustrated London News, 20 October 1849.
322 ‘by the aid of a sword’, ‘Capture of a Finner Whale in the Thames’, The Zoologist: A Monthly Journal of Natural History, Vol 7, 1849, 2690. In the serial of David Copperfield, published just after the 1849 whale stranded, an advertising skit on ‘The Whale in the Thames’ appeared: ‘The mighty monster captur’d in the Thames, | May justly swell my advertising gems’. (Charles Dickens, The Personal History, Adventures, Experience and Observation of David Copperfield the Younger, Vol VIII, Bradbury & Evans, London, December 1849; thanks to Brian Murray and Edward Sugden of King’s College for alerting me to this). The Melvilles read David Copperfield aloud during January of 1851, during the period when Herman was writing Moby-Dick.
323 ‘Everything in the eighteenth century’, Amy Miller to Philip Hoare
3 November 2014.
323 ‘in a state of deportment’, Charles Dickens, Bleak House, Signet, 1964, Chap XXX, 431.
324 ‘Ahabian scar’, see Camille Paglia essay, Bowie Is, op cit, 78.
324 ‘I am killed’, Roy and Lesley Adkins, The War for all Oceans, Abacus, 2006, 29.
325 ‘Never mind’, Southey, op cit, 16.
325 ‘feeble in body’, see ibid, 12.
325 ‘reduced almost to a skeleton’, ibid, 19.
325 ‘and the act’, ibid, 26.
325 ‘died in consequence’, ibid, 34.
325 ‘had a coffin’, see Coleman, op cit,164.
325 ‘I am a dead man’, Phil Craig, Tim Clayon, Trafalgar: The men, the battle, the storm, unpaginated ebook, Hodder & Stoughton, 2004.
325 ‘the direct evidence’, ‘for if an arm can survive annihilation why not the whole person?’; quoted George Hammond, ‘Evidence microtubules cause life after death: The theory of microtubule resurrection’, The Scientific Proof of God, 2014, 6, academia.edu; see also Charles Q. Choi, ‘Even Non-Amputees Can Feel A Phantom Limb’, post, 12 April 2013, livescience.com.
325 ‘How dost thou’, Moby-Dick (1983), 480-1. Ishmael’s episode of being banished to his bedroom also appears to have been inspired by a similar passage in David Copperfield, op cit, Chapter IV, 55.
327 ‘like Beau Brummell’s’, see Ian Kelly, Beau Brummell: The Ultimate Dandy, Hodder & Stoughton, 2006, 174.
329 ‘the greatest seer’, D. H. Lawrence, Studies in Classic American Literature, 1923, 139.
330 ‘For with sheer physical vibrational’, ibid, 155.
330 ‘There is something curious’, ibid, 139-140
330 ‘very doors’, ‘Surf Hotel, Fire Island Beach’, advertisement, Long Island of Today, 1884, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Collections Online Catalog, call number F127.L8R2.
331 ‘a pretty little chest’, Billy Budd, op cit, 323.
332 ‘lee forechains’, see ibid, 359; a ‘tarry balcony’. For the ‘canvas cubbies’ created by cloth partitions, see B. R. Burgh, Boys at Sea: Sodomy, Indecency, and Courts Martial in Nelson’s Navy, Palgrave Macmillan, 207, 158; reviews Isaac Land, Indiana State University, September 2009, H-Albion website.
332 ‘amber’, Billy Budd, op cit, 342.
332 ‘The sea is calm you said’, ‘Billy Budd – Quotes’ from Peter Ustinov, filmscript of Billy Budd, 1962, imdb.com.
333 ‘Struck by an Angel of God’, Billy Budd, op cit, 378.
333 ‘God bless Captain Vere’, ibid, 400.
333 ‘At the same moment’, ibid, 400.
333 ‘pendant pearl’ ibid, 408.
333 ‘erectly rigid’, ibid, 400.
333 ‘Fathoms down’, ibid, 408. The song, ‘Billy in the Darbies’, is ‘rudely printed’ in Portsmouth; it echoes Father Mapple’s sermon in Moby-Dick, drawing on Jonah cast into the sea ‘where all the watery world of woe bowled over him’. ‘The Sermon’, Moby-Dick, op cit, 49-50
334 ‘croaked requiem’, Billy Budd, 404. The sea hawks Melville mentions, in both Billy Budd and Moby-Dick, have been identified as frigate birds.
334 ‘Twentieth-century critics’, see Harold Beaver, notes to Billy Budd, op cit, 457. Particularly fascinating on this subject is Bruce Franklin’s chapter, ‘Billy Budd; Or, Bili-Budd, The Last Avatar’, in The Wake of the Gods: Melville’s Mythlogy, Stanford University Press, 1963.
334 ‘Jesus, the Redeemer, as Cetus’, see Lawrence, Studies, op cit, 170.
334 ‘Everything is for a term’, Billy Budd, op cit, 408.
334 ‘Billy Budd, Billy Budd’, ibid, 406.
334 ‘Friday Nov. 16′, Herman Melville papers, Billy Budd, AMs, MS Am 188 (363), Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. nrs.harvard.edu. See also John Bryant, editor, ‘Versions of Billy Budd’, the Melville Electronic Library, Digital Resource, Hofstra University, hofstradrc.org.
335 ‘the occasional victim’, Sketch First: The Isles at Large’, ‘The Encantadas, or Enchanted Isles, Billy Budd, Sailor & Other Stories, op cit, 136.
335 ‘When I meet’, Peter Gansevoort Whittemore to Philip Hoare, 8 January 2016.
335 ‘darn the seat’, Billy Budd, AMs, MS, opt cit,15.
336 ‘a futurist’, Lawrence, op cit, 154.
336 ‘a son of God’, The Great Gatsby, op cit, 105.
336 ‘the holocaust complete’, ibid, 169. See J. Blair, ‘English Plus Language’, langblog.englishpluscom,18 July 2014, reviewing Bernard R. Tanner F.Scott Fitzgerald’s Odyssey: A Reader’s Guide to the Gospels in The Great Gatsby’, Lanham, 2003. In Careless People: Murder, Mayhem and the Invention of The Great Gatsby’, Sarah Churchwell notes that Fitzgerald originally described Gatsby’s body as laid out like a transept, the cross-section of a church floor (Virago 2013, 314). Gatsby’s eddying body trailing a thin red line of blood also recalls the swimmer in Walt Whitman’s The Sleepers, ‘His beautiful body is born in the circling eddies’.
336 ‘a lingering adolescent’, Billy Budd, op cit, 328.
336 ‘the ear, small and shapely’, ibid, 329.
337 ‘handsome’, Frankenstein MS, Bodelian, Abinger c.56, 21r Mary Shelley. I note that the director of the 1931 film of Frankenstein was James Whale.
337 ‘Like the animals’, Billy Budd, op cit, 322.
337 ‘The two ends’, ibid, 321-2.
338 ‘Aldebaran’, ibid, 321.
338 ‘Though our’, ibid, 332; caps H and S added in MS.
338 ‘brown complexion’, Records of the Admiralty, Medical Journal of HMS Dryad, Folios 20-23: case no. 11, Robert Dickson, aged 37, surgeon, www.discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk.
339 ‘organic hesitancy’, Billy Budd, op cit, 331.
339 ‘unbridled and unbounded’, William James, The Naval History of Great Britain, 1860, Vol II, 24-5.
340 ‘jar & motion’, Leyda, op cit, 340.
340 ‘Richard Parker’, see Richard Moore, ‘Richard Parker’, www.napoleonguide.com.
340 ‘We who this morning’, quoted Philip MacDougall, Ann Veronica Coats, editors, The Naval Mutinies of 1797: Unity and Perserverance, Boydell Press, 2011, 222.
340 ‘Their bodies’, see ‘England’s Wooden Walls’ Colburn’s United Service Magazine, London, 1843, part 2, 35.
340 ‘two sailors on St George’, see Coleman, op cit, 132-3.
341 ‘above six feet’, quoted James Stanier Clarke, Stephen Jones, editors, The Naval Chronicle for 1807, Joyce Gold, London, 1807 Vol 18, 312.
341 ‘Stay true’, quoted Herschel Parker, op cit, Vol II, 437 (from Schiller’s Don Carlos).
341 ‘Wherever that great heart’, Billy Budd, op cit, 319; see also n456.
341 ‘an extraordinary mildness’, Auden, ‘Herman Melville’, quoted Delbanco, op cit, 291.
342 ‘my Harvard’, Gerald Clarke, Truman Capote, Simon & Schuster, 1988, 119; see also Barry Werth, The Scarlet Professor, Doubleday, 2001. Capote dedicated his first book, Other Voices, Other Rooms, to Arvin.
342 ‘We’re all of us lost’, E.M. Forster & Eric Crozier, libretto for Billy Budd, published Glyndebourne/BBC Proms staged performance, 27 August 2013.
342 ‘Forster, his librettist’ – In 1948, Forster visited HMS Victory as part of his research for the opera.


347 ‘Harbingers’, see Theo Tait, London Review of Books, 6 March 2014, reviewing Lisa-Ann Gershwin, Stung! On Jellyfish Blooms and the Future of the Ocean, University of Chicago Press, 2013; see also Elspeth Probyn Eating the Ocean, Duke University Press, 2016, 24.
348 ‘Sure it’s safe’, to Philip Hoare, Bantry, 9 July 2014.
348 ‘That’s me’, Robin Robertson, ‘Selkie’, ‘Saturday Poem’, The Guardian, 13 November 2004.
350 ‘a tender part’, Thoreau, Cape Cod, op cit, 80.
351 ‘anodyne and fluid’, see ‘Compass Jelly Fish’, marinelifeindia.wordpress.com, ‘I was born a male; now I am a female’.
351 ‘a flashlike bundle’, Leopold Blascha, quoted Susan M. Rossi-Wilcox & David Whitehouse, Drawing upon Nature: Studies for the Blaschkas’ Glass Models, Corning Museum of Glass, 2007. see also C. Drew Harvell, ‘In Pursuit of an Underwater Menagerie’ New York Times, 6 May 2013; ‘Out of the Teeming Sea: The Cornell Collection of Blaschka Invertebrate Models’, blaschkagallery.mannlib.cornell.edu.
354 ‘the book of the taking’, see Lebor Gabála Érenn: The Book of Invasion,Celtic Literature Collective, www.maryjones.us.
354 ‘We regret to learn’, Ruan O’Donnell, A Short History of Ireland’s Famine O’Brien Press 2013, 27.
354 ‘The last accounts’, The Times 11 January 1847/
355 ‘came to their deaths’, ibid.
355 ‘The Illustrated London News’, 22 December 1849, 406. James Mahoney was himself from Cork.
356 ‘In such’, Illustrated London News, 15 December 1849; also quoted C.O. Gráda, Famine: A Short History, Princeton University Press, 2009, 204-5. Other sources consulted on the famine include ‘Psychology of Evil: The ideology that caused the avoidable Irish Famine of 1846’, Gidmeister, 9 April 2013, quoting Robert Zubrin, Merchants of Despair: Radical Environmentalists, Criminal Pseudo-Scientists, and the Fatal Cult of Antihumanism, Encounter Books, 2013, 10; Ciarán Ó Murchadha The Great Famine: Ireland’s Agony 1845-1852, Bloomsbury 2011; C. O Gráda, Black ’47 and Beyond: The Great Irish Famine in History, Economy, and Memory, Princeton University Press, 1999; John Mitchel, The Last Conquest of Ireland (Perhaps), 1876, www.libraryireland.com.
357 ‘St Patrick’s’, see G.A. Hartley, The Parish of St Patrick, Southampton, 1879-1984, Southampton, Rev F. Wilson, 1985.
359 ‘calmer of storms’. The Virgin was known as Mater Cara – precious one – the source of ‘Mother Carey’, after whom the storm petrel was named ‘Mother Carey’s chicken’. Tom goes in search of Mother Carey in Kingsley’s The Water Babies, op cit.
361 ‘one of the strangest’, Nicola Gordon Bowe, Harry Clarke: The Life and Work, The History Press Ireland, 1989, 281.
362 ‘Aran Island of Inisheer’, see ibid, 44, 77, and Nicola Gordon Bowe, ‘Preserving the Relics of Heroic Time’, Brian Cliff, Nicholas Grene, editors, Synge and Edwardian Ireland, Oxford University Press, 2012, 71.
362 ‘fascinated by the island’s marine’, see Lucy Costigan, Michael Cullen, Strangest Genius: The Stained Glass of Harry Clarke, The History Press, 2010, 36. The ‘Eve of St Agnes’ windows are at the Hugh Lane Gallery, Dublin.
362 ‘Dublin’s museum of natural history’ – see Bowe, Harry Clarke, op cit, 155. Thanks to Ann and Peter Wilson for drawing my attention to Clarke’s work.
365 ‘as fast as sails’, Limerick Reporter and Tipperary Vindicator, 15 April 1853, from Laurence Fenton, ‘After the Famine: The Economy of Limerick County and City in the 1850s,’ History and Folklore Project, Limerick Civic Trust, 2007, www.limerick.ie
‘In the Java’s journal’, see ‘Convict Ship Java, 1833’, www.jenwilletts.com.
369 ‘two shrunken things like children’, Redburn, op cit, 252.
369 ‘from the barbarian’, ibid, 323-4
369 ‘America must have’, ibid, 343; see also Delbanco, Melville, op cit, 113.
369 ‘Look, look’, Redburn, op cit, 344.
369 ‘multitudes of foreign poor’, ibid, 382; see also Leon Howard, Herman Melville, University of Minnesota ‘Pamphlets on American Writers’ No.13, 1961, 16-17.
370 ‘lying in the very’, Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 18 December 1863, quoted Eamon Loingsigh,‘Gangs of Brooklyn’ blog, artofneed.wordpress.com.
370 ‘the seething waters’, Redburn, op cit, 81. Another proposed model for Prospero’s island was Lampedusa, and critics have frequently seen Caliban as an African figure. See Virginia Mason Vaughan and Alden T. Vaughan, editors, ‘Introduction’, The Tempest, Bloomsbury Arden Shakespeare, op cit, 48 & following.
370 ‘Death! one hundred’, Thoreau, Cape Cod, op cit, 5.
371 ‘transcendental beachcomber’ – see Kenneth Coutts-Smith, The Dream of Icarus: Art and Society in the Twentieth Century, Hutchinson, 1970, on ‘…Thoreau attempting to rediscover a lost American innocence’, 42-45, 207.
371 ‘I saw many marble feet’, Thoreau, Cape Cod, op cit, 7.
371 ‘but other weeds’, ibid, 12.
371 ‘This shipwreck had’, ibid, 9.
371 ‘If this was the law’, ibid, 13.
371 ‘and found to be’, ibid, 13.
371 ‘but before’, ibid, 14.
372 ‘not at all’, Queen Victoria’s journal, August 1849, quoted A. N. Wilson, Victoria: A Life, Atlantic, 2014, 144. See also J. Loughlin, ‘Allegiance and Illusion: Queen Victoria’s Irish Visit of 1849’, History, October 2002, Vol 87, Issue 288, 491-513
372 ‘Originally called Inis Pic’ – Barra Ó Donnbháin, email to Philip Hoare, 30 December 2016.
372 ‘they looked Anatomies’, Edmund Spenser, A View of the Present State of Ireland, 1596, Celt: Corpus of Electronic Texts, University College, Cork, www.uccie/celt
373 ‘2,698 sentences’, O’Donnell, op cit, 126
‘three seventeen-year-olds’, ibid, 128
373 ‘as isolated as if in the middle’, Freeman’s Journal, 2 September 1861, quoted Cal McCarthy and Barra O’Donnabhain, 2016, Too Beautiful for Thieves and Pickpockets: A History of the Victorian Convict Prison on Spike Island, Cork County Library, 2106, 224.
373 ‘indecent practices’, ibid, 197-198.
373 ‘They call it’, Peter Wilson to Philip Hoare, Spike Island, 14 July 2014.
374 ‘shows us’, Mara Tesorieri to Philip Hoare, Spike Island, 14 July 2014.
376 ‘The first living creature’, Revelations 4: 6-8.
376 ‘Some speculate’, Michael McCaughan, ‘Voyagers in the Vault of Heaven: The Phenomenon of Ships in the Sky in Medieval Ireland and Beyond’, Material Culture Review, Vol 48, Autumn 1998. See also ‘Island of the Blessed’, [Cuimin of Condeire] Brendan’s Fabulous Voyage lecture by John Patrick Crichton Stuart Bute, 1893, gutenberg ebook / archive.org.
377 ‘It was a difficult mode’, ibid; see also Rev.T. Olden, ‘The Voyage of St Brendan’, The Journal of the Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, Fifth Series, Vol I, No.8, (4th Quarter, 1891. jstor.org.
377 ‘immarama’ – In ‘Muck’, his vision of one such journey, Mick Imlah wrote of Irish adventures landing on a Hebridean island and finding a strange monument made from driftwood poles , ‘The first was crude, like holy rood / A shark hung where the Christ might be/ The crossbeam of the second, wavy, / white and queasy, was split three times // by dolphins’ leaps and falls… ‘ www.poetryarchive.org. Thanks to Samuel Hunt for alerting me to this poem.
377 ‘Sing lower, Master’, Helen Waddell, translator, Robert Gibbings, illustrator, Beasts and Saints, Constable, 1934, 111-2, illustration, 110.
378 ‘some historians’, see wikimedia note, Bantry section links page; also Colum P. Hourihane and James J. Hourihane, ‘The Kilnaruane Pillar Stone, Bantry, Co. Cork’, Journal of the Cork Historical and Archeological Society, 84, July-December 1979, 65-73. One wild theory proposes Brendan as Quetzalcoatl, the white-faced demigod who sailed from Mexico in a serpent-skin covered boat; David Hatcher Childress, Lost Cities of North and Central America, Adventures Unlimited, 1998, 241-3.
379 ‘the Celtic alphabet of Ogham’, see ‘Ogham Inscription’, Wikipedia entry.
380 ‘Apparently’, Mark Whigham to Philip Hoare, Bantry Bay, 11 July 2014.
380 ‘Virginia Woolf visited’, see The Diary of Virginia Woolf, op cit, Vol III, 30 April 1934, 209.
380 ‘the water, the water’, W. B. Yeats, ‘Earth, Fire and Water’, The Celtic Twlight, Bullen, 1893, 1902, 135.
381 ‘Lovely weather’, Tara Kennedy to Philip Hoare, 11 July 2014


387 ‘We have yet to locate’, ‘We still need to locate the actual vibrato for baleen whale sound production’, Laela Sayigh and Vincent M. Janik, ‘Cetacean Communication’, Janet Mann, editor, Deep Thinkers: Inside the Minds of Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises, University of Chicago Press, 2017, advance MS.
387 ‘It is the sound’, quoted Hal Whitehead and Luke Rendell, The Cultural Lives of Whales and Dolphins, University of Chicago Press, 2015, 76.
388 ‘He is singing’, untranslated, Megaptera novaeangliae to Philip Hoare, Banderas Bay, 3 December 2015.
389 ‘unparalled’, Whitehead & Rendell, op cit, 81, quoting Ellen Garland, Michael Noad, Jooke Robbins et al, ‘Dynamic horizontal cultural transmission of humpback whale song at the ocean basin scale’, Current Biology, 21: 687-91, 2011.
389 ‘It is just like Man’s vanity’, Mark Twain, quoted Paul Kingsnorth, ‘The Call of the Wild’, Guardian Review, 23 July 2016.
389 ‘We suppose he is advertising’, see E.C.M. Parsons, A.J. Wright and M.A. Gore, ‘The Nature of the Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) Song, Journal of Marine Animals and Their Ecology, Vol I, No 1, Canada, 2008, oersa.ca.
390 ‘the French philosopher and artist’, Chris Herzfeld, ‘On the Aesthetic Sense in Great Apes’, Wattana, op cit, 123.
390 ‘In no living thing’, ‘The Tail’, Moby-Dick, op cit, 387.
391 ‘Isabel, my guide’, Isabel Cárdenas Oteiza to Philip Hoare, Banderas Bay, 3 December 2015.
393 ‘Dory stands there’, Dory to Philip Hoare, Herring Cove, Provincetown, 11 January 2016.
397 ‘We are such stuff’, The Tempest, Act IV, Sc I, 155-157.

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